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Use one of Dr. Freuds theories to analyze one of the most famous characters in English literature. That character is William Shakespeares Hamlet.

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Introduction

Psychology is not a new concept to human civilization. People have been interacting between each other creating cause and effect reactions between themselves since the creation of man. These reactions can have tremendous impacts on both parties involved in these relationships. How they deal with these reactions can be analyzed in a psychological manner. Scientists have been analyzing these relationships since the 1800s, and one of the most influential psychologists was a man named Dr. Sigmund Freud. This paper shall use one of Dr. Freud's theories to analyze one of the most famous characters in English literature. That character is William Shakespeare's Hamlet. One of Freud's most interesting theories was that of the Oedipus complex (this theory also has many other similar names, such Oedipal, etc.). The term was named after a character in a Greek play written by Sophocles about an ancient Greek king, Oedipus, who mistakenly killed his father and married his mother, with whom he was deeply in love with. ...read more.

Middle

Claudius was a man who committed two great atrocities against Hamlet: the killing his father and quickly thereafter marrying his mother. Hamlet would of course feel quite enraged by either of these actions, but the combination of the two would truly be enough to cause him serious psychological trauma. The loss of a parent causes hurtful feelings in any child; feelings of sorrow for the loss but also feelings of hatred toward the person responsible for the death. Furthermore, the child is bound to feel hatred towards the person replacing his father's role as caregiver for his mother. This role is multiplied with the fact that Claudius is taking over the role as King of Denmark, one that is rightfully Hamlet's. The fact that Claudius was Hamlet's uncle did not make the situation any better. Hamlet however, is a very honorable man and is not capable of murder simply through succumbing to his intense feelings of jealously. ...read more.

Conclusion

The most prevalent of these fantasies is the act of killing their fathers to gain the power of ruling a nation (which they possessed) with their mother's by their side. Hamlet's and Oedipus' minds also act on analysis and interpretation on a main degree of thinking. Each and every move that they make must be totally analyzed to determine any possible counteraction they may create. They are truly individual because their unique intelligence separates them from the other characters with whom they are manipulating. Hamlet suffered from a mental disorder. The possibility of him being involved with the Oedipus complex is quite likely as his character does reflect the character of Sophacrates' Oedipus in many ways. His childish passions could have been the reason for his inability to take revenge throughout the play and perhaps even the reason for his own death. If Hamlet had killed his stepfather earlier in the play, he would have succeeded in his ultimate infantile goal of capturing his father's power and providing for his mother. Because of his dysfunction, he did not succeed and ultimately it was the instrument of his own death. ...read more.

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