• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was Edward IV's ruling between 1471-1483 effective?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was Edward IV's ruling between 1471-1483 effective? Edward was the eldest surviving son of Richard Plantaganet, Duke of York, who was declared successor to Henry VI in 1460. Following York's death that December, Edward defeated Henry's Lancastrian supporters before being crowned Edward IV in June 1461. An invasion by Warwick and Margaret's Lancastrian forces In September 1470 forced Edward to flee into exile in the Netherlands. During March 1471 he and his brother Richard, duke of Gloucester, returned to England from the Netherlands. Taking London, he defeated and killed Warwick at Barnet before defeating the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury. Henry VI was put to death in the Tower. This was to be the start of Edward's, very successful, second reign. Edwards second reign (1471-1483), in contrast with his first (1461-69), was by far the more successful of the two. ...read more.

Middle

He gained the throne with the burden of being �400,000 in debt. This was not the only burden his father had left him with. Almost all the key nobles at Towton had backed Henry VI or chosen to stay out of these affaires. This left Edward with limited noble support. Edward regained the throne, in 1471, in a much stronger position. He was offered far more plaudits, and the financial situation of the government was much more stable. There were no more major revolts concerning Warwick and Edward had gained much more respect and support from nobles. Although these statements are true and in 1471 Edward did gain the throne in a much healthier position than he did in 1461, there is still little doubt that post 1471 Edward's government was much more effective. ...read more.

Conclusion

Parliament was only able to retrieve 25% of this money. Because of this Edward was looked poorly upon by both parliament and citizens. Keeping a peaceful war policy was not the only method used by Edward in order to improved the economy of the kingdom. He also had a large influence in trade and customs. Customs were up were up from $15,000 under the rule of Henry VI to around �35,000 under the rule of Edward. The success of Edward's policies when improving the economy gives good insight into Edward's ability as a ruler. Edward was a skilful manager of parliament using charm and sensible choice of speakers to ensure that there were no major difficulties within this area. When considering Edward's involvement in the council during his second reign he was not a prolific attendee. He participated in less than 50% of meetings involving the council. The magnates were not as prominent as they had been during previous reigns. 2 1 By Lewis Sadler ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Richard III section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Richard III essays

  1. How successfulwas Edward IV in restoring royal authority by 1470?

    He made sure that those who oversaw cases did justice and did not question the king's authority by ignoring a law or violating his peace. In such examples, he would intervene where possible in person. He would travel the country and oversee trials to ensure this.

  2. 'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple ...

    Richard speaks abruptly to his noblemen and army before the battle but effectively is isolated on his own. No one likes him anymore - not even his own men or the audience. He is the king of England but is completely alone.

  1. How effectively did the Scots respond to Edward I's historical arguments for English superiority ...

    The historiographical confrontation throughout this time is generally considered to form a continuum from the late1290s right through to the Declaration of Arbroath of 1320. While the Scottish response to Edward was therefore a long and protracted one, it would helpful to think of it as being divided into two periods rather than forming one long interconnected series of texts.

  2. How effective was Edward IV's domestic government from 1471?

    Edward's attention to building an "elite" Yorkist nobility kept him strong; he placed his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, in the north and this stopped the feuding of Percy, Neville and Stanley. JK Green's view that Edward established a "New Monarchy" on which the Tudors later built is shown when

  1. Discuss the effectiveness of the opening ofTim Burton's 'Edward Scissorhands'

    The quality of their voices is important in adding texture to the characters. The soft voice of Kim is the idealised concept of a grandmother: warm, loving and reassuring. Peg's voice is also soft, but slightly girlish and makes her appear non-threatening and powerless.

  2. Edward VI - Young, Gifted and King.

    Edward was quite obviously unhappy about his lack of freedom and showed his discontent by complaining about lack of pocket money and the conditions in which he was kept. Edward showed this resentment of his repressive uncle as Somerset's grip on power began to falter.

  1. Is it right to describe Edward the Confessor as a failure?

    William of Malmesbury and Florence of Worcester2 support this view of Edward given by Barlow, which suggests that this evidence is dependable. Therefore this shows Edward as a failure. William of Malmesbury to some extent is most probably reliable as he was writing much later, and probably had access to more sources.

  2. How effective a ruler was Edward 4th from 1471 to 1483?

    Parliament was only able to ask for Edward to return 25%. This did cause bad feeling amongst the people towards the crown. Trade profited from a general improvement in trading But Edward was personally involved in trading. He improved customs through appointing men of 'remarkable shrewdness'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work