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What does 'Animal Farm' tell us about George Orwell's attitude to Communism under Stalin?

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Introduction

What does 'Animal Farm' tell us about George Orwell's attitude to Communism under Stalin? 'Animal Farm' is a novel written by George Orwell in the 1940's. In 'Animal Farm', Major, is an old white boar, who represents Carl Marx. Napoleon, who is a younger pig, represents the Russian dictator Stalin. Other animals represent the common people of Russia. 'Animal Farm is a political allegory; this means that there is a surface story and another story underneath. This political allegory tells the story of Communism in Russia under Stalin through the story of the animals on the farm. The story is about how the animals get rid of the farmer because they think he has too much power over them, just as the Russians did with their ruler, the Tsar. ...read more.

Middle

Prosperity means riches and lots of food. 'Riches more that the mind can picture, wheat, barley and mangel-wurzels.' Major said there would be plenty of food for everyone and they would have left over to sell and by better things such as better tools to work on the land with, just as the ideals of Communism were lost under Stalin. We are told there will be peace on the farm and the sixth commandment is 'no animal shall every kill another animal.' However power goes to Napoleon's head and he corrupts ideals of Animalism. When Napoleon took over he promised freedom. The reality is that Napoleon and all the other pigs order everyone around and take more for themselves. George Orwell tells us that 'all year round the animals worked like slaves'. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is not enough food so Napoleon fills the buckets with sand and meanwhile 'life was hard. Winter was as cold as the last one had been and food was even shorter.' From reading animal farm as an allegory I think that George Orwell thinks that communism is a good idea and would have worked well if the leader was not a dictator like Napoleon or Stalin was. The allegory works well and represents well what happened in Russia during the 1940s. Stalin got rid of people who disagreed with him, just like Napoleon. In the end when the animals look in through the window and see Napoleon and the human arguing they don't know who the animal is and who the human is. He is saying that life in Russia under Stalin was no better, in fact, it was worse. Jonathan. M. T. Beesley Repton School GCSE English Coursework Response to Prose January 2003 1 ...read more.

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