• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why in the period to 1072, was William successful in establishing his authority over England?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why in the period to 1072, was William successful in establishing his authority over England? From the moment William invaded Britain and defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings, he faced constant threats in the form of rebellions to challenge his reign. Many Anglo-Saxons were indignant at being forced under a foreign yoke and revolts and rebellions were frequent up until 1075. However, all were suppressed by William, sometimes by diplomacy, the building of castles or otherwise by force. Initially, William obviously hoped for minimal opposition and followed his victory at Hastings with the rapid seizure of Dover, Canterbury and London. This dominance in South-East England, due mainly to Williams strong military, led William to (falsely) assume the rest of England was secure as well, and he returned to Normandy in 1067, placing Odo and Fitz William in charge. ...read more.

Middle

His army not only won him victory at Hastings but was also responsible for successfully gaining control of south-east England in under two months. It's diversity (for example it's combination of both naval and land forces), created a strong defence system against potential external invasions and internal rifts. Although Swein Estrithson's summer invasion of 1069 was inevitably weakened by an apparent lack of purpose or policy, William's military adaptability as well as the Norman savagery displayed was essentially the main factor in preventing a potential Danish success. Williams's superior army consisting of cavalry forces, infantry men, engineers and archers, not only gained him victory at Hastings but were also a contributory factor to his success at maintaining his throne. William also showed a different tactic in defeating the Danish, that of diplomacy. ...read more.

Conclusion

These castles were not only designed to subdue the minority of aggressive Anglo-Saxons but also to defend England from potential Danish invasions. Castles were used for both attack and defence and are quoted as being 'the most potent symbol and instrument of domination and oppression in conquest Britain' (Golding). Unsurprisingly, most castles were built along the frontiers, the north and other places of strategic sensitivity. They not only controlled and defended specific points but also were the sites from which Norman expansion proceeded. One example includes the castle at Montacute, on which the estate was economically and militarily dependant on, increasing Norman control. William used many devices to establish his authority over Britain. Some were undoubtedly more successful than others, and some potentially created rather than solved problems. The role of the castle is undoubtedly one of the most important, a defence mechanism against which the Anglo-Saxons had no chance of defeating William or challenging his reign. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Richard III section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Richard III essays

  1. What were the reasons behind Harold's visit to Normandy and How was the Visit ...

    He had won conflicts and conquests over many countries and his forces and cavalry were increasing by the minute. It was almost inevitable that the two country's, Britain and Normandy, were going to cross each other in the near future therefore Harold could have seen his little escapade to retrieve

  2. 'In his depiction of Richard III Shakespeare has created much more than a simple ...

    He has murdered everyone close to him; his mother has left him and even his only close friend - Buckingham - has been executed. Richmond, on the other hand, is able to speak freely and graciously to his men and feel happy that he is going to win the battle despite having far fewer men than Richard.

  1. Richard III by William Shakespeare - 'How much sympathy do you have for the ...

    Rivers: 'By heaven, my heart is purged from grudging hate: And with my hand I seal my true heart's love.' Hastings: 'So thrive I, as I truly swear the like' " In Act II, Scene II, the Duchess of York and Elizabeth mourn the death of King Edward and there

  2. On What Basis were the various claims to the throne made in 1066?

    A contribution to support the promise was the hostages gained in the crisis of 1051-52. Nevertheless unknown to William the promise was in fact false and merely a cunning lie by Robert of Jumieges to cause a conflict and have himself as Archbishop of Canterbury when William were to win his inevitable crusade.

  1. 'His honour rooted in dishonour stood, And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true' (Tennyson, ...

    here come my executioners - How now, my hardy, stout, resolved mates, Are you now going to dispatch this thing,' (I.3.339-341) Richard manipulates the Court of York by eliminating opposition, and remaining innocuous the whole time. The ironic thing is that even though Richard was the causer of all of

  2. Was Thornbury castle built as a palace or for defence?

    and on the floors above reached by wooden staircases, were living quarters for the hired army its hard to say how many men Buckingham would have had it might have been hundreds or possibly a thousand, with which Buckingham intended to assert his independence and viewed of fortifying himself against the king.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work