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The 2004 IndianOcean earthquake was an undersea earthquake

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Introduction

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred on December 26, 2004. The earthquake created a tsunami that was one of the deadliest disasters in history. At 9.0 on the richter scale, it was the largest earthquake since the 9.2 magnitude Good Friday Earthquake off Alaska in 1964, and fourth largest since 1900.The earthquake epicenter was in the Indian Ocean just north of Simeulue island, off the western coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The tsunami destroyed the shores of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South India, Thailand and other countries with waves up to 15 m (50 feet) ...read more.

Middle

Relief agencies warn of the possibility of more deaths to come as a result of epidemics caused by disease, but the threat of starvation seems now to have been largely averted. The economic impact on fishing communities, some of the poorest people in the region, has been devastating with high losses of fishermen as well as boats and fishing gear. In Sri Lanka's coastal areas, for example, fishery is an important source of fish for local markets and industrial fishery is the major economic activity, providing employment to about 250 000 people. In recent years the fishing industry has become a dynamic trade sector, generating substantial foreign exchange earnings. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has been reported that severe damage has been inflicted on mangroves, coral reefs, forests, coastal wetlands, vegetation, sand dunes and rock formations. In addition, the spread of solid and liquid waste and industrial chemicals, water pollution and the destruction of sewage collectors and treatment plants threaten the environment even further. The environmental impact will take a long time and significant resources to repair. Being in the Maldives myself at the time, I was very lucky to have no deaths or major damage to my island and will be an experience I will never forget. Here are some of the pictures I captured during the tsunami. ...read more.

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