• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The 2004 IndianOcean earthquake was an undersea earthquake

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred on December 26, 2004. The earthquake created a tsunami that was one of the deadliest disasters in history. At 9.0 on the richter scale, it was the largest earthquake since the 9.2 magnitude Good Friday Earthquake off Alaska in 1964, and fourth largest since 1900.The earthquake epicenter was in the Indian Ocean just north of Simeulue island, off the western coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. The tsunami destroyed the shores of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, South India, Thailand and other countries with waves up to 15 m (50 feet) ...read more.

Middle

Relief agencies warn of the possibility of more deaths to come as a result of epidemics caused by disease, but the threat of starvation seems now to have been largely averted. The economic impact on fishing communities, some of the poorest people in the region, has been devastating with high losses of fishermen as well as boats and fishing gear. In Sri Lanka's coastal areas, for example, fishery is an important source of fish for local markets and industrial fishery is the major economic activity, providing employment to about 250 000 people. In recent years the fishing industry has become a dynamic trade sector, generating substantial foreign exchange earnings. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has been reported that severe damage has been inflicted on mangroves, coral reefs, forests, coastal wetlands, vegetation, sand dunes and rock formations. In addition, the spread of solid and liquid waste and industrial chemicals, water pollution and the destruction of sewage collectors and treatment plants threaten the environment even further. The environmental impact will take a long time and significant resources to repair. Being in the Maldives myself at the time, I was very lucky to have no deaths or major damage to my island and will be an experience I will never forget. Here are some of the pictures I captured during the tsunami. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Investigationg Eco-systems At Sand Dunes

    10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 MEAN Marram 1 5 5 3 1 Other Grasses 25 6 20 30 5 20 20 3 11 Heather 65 100 10 120 45 50 70 45 20 6 0 15 70 50 50 70 40 55 Moss

  2. Earthquakes. On March 28th, 1964 an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.2 hit ...

    Tsunamis also caused damage in Hawaii and Japan. The northwestward motion of the Pacific plate at about 5 to 7 cm per year causes the crust of southern Alaska to be compressed and warped, with some areas along the coast being depressed and other areas inland being uplifted.

  1. Kashmir Earthquake

    Many buildings collapsed from the shocks as they weren't properly designed. The water supply was contaminated leading to typhoid and cholera being passed around, also the electricity was completely cut off, and diseases spread. Then landslides changed the landscape and created natural dams for rivers.

  2. Geography- Whistable Coast Project

    This is because if LSD is travelling from west to east- the west side of the groyne should have more material than the other side due to Long shore drift. We measured it every 1 meter away from the sea wall.

  1. Geography Coursework, Thailand

    With this, we can see that Chiang Mai is a glorious city with many different varieties of attractions! Hypothesis and Justification Following the aim of this Geography Coursework, "characteristics of the foreign tourists in Chiang Mai", I concluded with five hypotheses for this coursework.

  2. 1.1 What are mangroves? 1.2 What are the factors that determine area, diversity ...

    The most striking 5 adaptations are aerial roots, which are otherwise called breathing roots. For example, in the species of Avicennia marina small finger-like roots branch out from the main root underground and protrude out into the atmosphere. These roots have small pores through which oxygen enters into the root.

  1. What caused the Indian Ocean Tsunami to be so devastating?

    Here are the effects. The social side was what really suffered. Thousands of families destroyed. There was a lot or mourning and sadness. Poor people suffered a lot due to lack of homes while the rich also suffered by losing homes and possession but they had some form of insurance.

  2. Cause and effect of the Japanese tsunami

    The moving wave begins travelling out from the earthquake. Some of the water travels out and across the ocean basin, and, at the same time, water rushes towards the land to flood the recently lowered shoreline. Many people have the mistaken belief that tsunamis are single waves. They are not. Instead tsunamis are "wave trains" consisting of multiple waves.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work