• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the causes and effects of river flooding in the USA and Bangladesh? How successful have these countries been in managing the flood hazard?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What are the causes and effects of river flooding in the USA and Bangladesh? How successful have these countries been in managing the flood hazard? Flooding is an overflowing of a body of water onto normally dry land. Flooding is one of the most widespread of climatic hazards and poses multiple risks to human health. The Mississippi river is in the USA which is an MEDC (more economically developed country.) It is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. Taken together, they form the largest river system in North America. If measured from the head of the Missouri, the length of the Missouri/Mississippi combination is approximately 6,270 km (3,900 miles). The largest of many large tributaries on the river is the Ohio River. Bangladesh is between India and Myanmar. It is an LEDC (less economically developed country.) The rivers of Bangladesh mark both the physiography of the nation and the life of the people. ...read more.

Middle

There were 43 deaths and cleaning-up operations took months. The contents of houses, factories and the buildings themselves were ruined. Boat traffic along the river had to be stopped. Where sewage had been washed into waterways, there was a threat of disease. Stagnant water attracted mosquitoes and rats. Insurance claims were high and numerous. At the peak of the Bangladesh flood of 1988, it covered almost 70% of the country and affected 2/3 of the population. After the flood, only tops of trees and buildings could be seen. In the capital city Dhaka, the water was 2m deep and covered 3/4 of the city. The electricity was cut off for weeks and there was no safe drinking water. 7 million homes were destroyed and 25 million people were left homeless. There were shortages of food and medicine there were 1300 deaths. 2 million tonnes of rice was destroyed and 1/2 million cattle and poultry were lost. The total cost of damages was $1.5 million. ...read more.

Conclusion

The embankments along all the main river channels will be completed to a height of up to 7m. More than 7500km of embankment is already in place, but repairs, heightening and new building would cost over $6 billion. This scheme should prevent serious flooding from river overflow. The USA is an MEDC, so they can afford to try out new ideas whether they succeed or not. However, Bangladesh is an LEDC, so everything must be thought about carefully or they will suffer from devastating debts. In the US, the rescue services are well equipped and prepared, but in Bangladesh, they aren't so well equipped and prepared. In the US, building levees and other things that prevent floods or reduce the damage they have caused, won't take very long to build. But in Bangladesh, it could take up to 100 years. In the US, flood warning systems can be made public knowledge within a short amount of time because of newspapers and TV. However, in Bangladesh, not a lot of people have these things so it is harder for the public to find out the plans for their area. Khadija Jama 10BS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. Geography River Rother

    So while measuring we may have measured off one of those by accident. In Sedlescombe the deepest point was 53cm which isn't very deep but this is also expected because it is the upper lower course. The depth is possible to change here too though but only due to lateral erosion.

  2. Bangladesh flood

    With more silt and mud in the river channel this means it can hold less water consequently the river overflows easier. The government of Nepal owns the forest area and has laws to stop the people chopping down the trees but Nepal is a poor country so the people have

  1. Deforestation: Causes and Solutions.

    SOLUTIONS So where can we go from here? There is no one easy solution as deforestation is caused by many things. One option is decreasing the need for the amount of products that are harvested from the rainforests. If all countries, especially developed ones, enforced programs that used recycling, the need for disposable products would be diminished and the loggers would not have a business.

  2. Floods of 1998 in Bangladesh and Shrewsbury

    Many of our rivers already lost their navigability during summer and lean season. The river system as a whole could 'hold' or `contain' normal water flow during the monsoon. This year China, Korea, Belgium, Florida of US and India have also experienced severe floods due to the effects of 'La Nina' and global warming.

  1. Flooding in Bangladesh

    * In late summer and early autumn, when sea temperatures are at their highest. * Between latitudes 5 degrees north and 20 degrees south of the equator. Global warming is caused when carbon dioxide and other pollutants are released into the atmosphere.

  2. Was it the human or natural causes that caused the 1998 floods in bangladesh?

    and supplies of fertiliser * For: farmers as they will have something to live or make money on. Villagers would also be happy as they will have something to eat. Government would stand by the proposal as it is not expensive.

  1. global warming effects and solutions

    [68] CNN.com, Heat Waves likely to bring more rolling blackouts, article by Greg LaMotte, http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/07/01/power.grid.crisis/index.html, July 1, 2000. [69] Robert T. Watson, chairman, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, see http://www.ipcc.ch/press/sp-cop6-2.htm. [70] San Francisco Examiner, article by Geoffrey Lean of the London Independent: Report: Massive flooding just a preview, November 7, 1999.

  2. Flooding in Bangladesh

    Another physical cause of flooding in Bangladesh is tectonic activity. The Indian Plate is moving towards the Eurasian Plate. The land where they meet (Himalayas) is getting higher and steeper every year (fold mountains).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work