• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What should happen to Happisburgh?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What should happen to Happisburgh? Happisburgh is a village on the east coast of England in Norfolk. The short stretch of coastline is being vigorously eroded by the sea. This is primarily because of the geology of the area - the rocks are soft and so are easily worn away by erosion and sub-aerial processes. The rate and amount of erosion is believed to be made worse by people in the area, and on a larger scale. Residents of Happisburgh have tried to stop erosion at one part of the coastline, however this has had a knock-on effect on places further down the coast. Also, global warming, a major factor causing sea levels to rise, is leading to greater erosion and flooding of coastal areas, notably Happisburgh. There are several things that can be done to the Happisburgh coastline. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. To follow is a summary of five different options that Happisburgh Council has. ...read more.

Middle

This involved listing the benefits and costs of each. The results of my analysis are as follow: Option Costs Benefits Benefit-Cost Difference Hard engineering 21 16 -5 Soft engineering 7 20 +13 Stop all development 7 8 +1 Move people away 29 14 -15 Do nothing 16 9 -7 The option I suggest the council uses is soft engineering as it scored a +13 on my cost-benefit analysis. This means that the benefits outweighed the costs when looking in more detail at the option. Soft engineering methods often have very little visual impact. This means that the view isn't destroyed, it doesn't block access to the coast (as it won't be in the way) and tourists aren't deterred by the 'ugliness' of the method. Soft engineering tends to reuse materials we already have. For example, beach nourishment just takes sand that we already have, and transports it to another location. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, Happisburgh is a rural area - this means that farming is a big source of income. If people are moved inland, there would be redundancy amongst the farmers, as they wouldn't have a job to do. Then there's the issue of where to move the people to. It would involve a lot of organising and again, would be very expensive. Doing nothing seems out of the question. The cliffs will continue to erode at high rates, and soon, the coast will be much further inland. Also, residents wouldn't be too happy about the council opting to do nothing, and so there's a strong possibility that the current cabinet will not be voted again to rule the local council. Therefore, due to the benefits of soft engineering and the many costs of all other options, with back up from my cost-benefit analysis, I conclude that soft engineering is the way forward for Happisburgh, and that it is the best option for the council to proceed with for the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Physical Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Physical Geography essays

  1. What should hapen to Happisburgh?

    and bunching old tyres together to absorb the energy of the waves. Stop all development - this would include stopping all development. This would ensure that the actions of people do not increase the effect of erosion by, for example, material getting into the sea and then, with the waves, hitting back against the coast.

  2. Merry Hill Analysis

    is that the number of people visiting Merry Hill on a daily basis will decrease massively, therefore reducing the congestion near the settlement, which in turn would help reduce the air and noise pollution in the area. However a disadvantage to this solution would be that the park and ride

  1. Cliff erosion in East Sussex - the processes, problems and solutions.

    There was also a wave cut notch and a chalk overhang visible created by under-cutting at the base of the cliff; both features displayed signs of weaknesses because I could see cracks. All the cracks would be enlarged by hydraulic action mainly.

  2. Geography- Whistable Coast Project

    The link to my hypothesis is that there is actually little link between this test and my hypothesis, the reason for doing this test is to add some originality to the project as this was a test I conducted on my own and was not part of the list of tests that we had to do.

  1. Should the coast between Overstrand and Sheringham be protected at any cost, or should ...

    for each site. Why data is collected? The data is collected to measure the gradient of the beach and it can be useful to indicate how much extra material has been added to the beach. Where and when data is collected? The Beach Profile technique was used at Sheringham and Overstrand beach on

  2. The Norfolk Broads

    The major habitats are interrelated parts of the ecosystem. Examined separately in this section, they are: · rivers and broads from coursewrok work info · fen and carr woodland · grazing marsh · estuarycofb fbr sefbfbw orfb fbk infb fofb fb. The Broads Authority has developed habitat-based restoration and conservation strategies with its partners in the Broads.

  1. New Orleans Geology

    There are many other control techniques that could possibly be used to put an end to, or even slow down the happening and the effects of erosion on the shoreline. Examples of these other techniques that could possibly spare the shoreline, buffer zone, and New Orleans itself are cellular confinement systems, buffer strips, and sand fences.

  2. Investigationg Eco-systems At Sand Dunes

    24.70 3.30 14.94 12.50 17.20 17.70 15.50 Vegetation Results from each group, for Block 1: Block 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 MEAN Marram 30 3 75 20 3 20 5 40 70 25 2 20 15 30 5

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work