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Believe that W is at the 'norm' for his age group in the area of cognitive development. He can say many words which I witnessed during and after my observation. Two of the milestones I did not see in my observation

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Introduction

E2- 'Physical development is the process by which the children gain control of their movements. Physical development is important for children's overall development for 3 key reasons: * It allows new learning to take place * It allows further development to take place * It affects children's confidence and self- esteem Physical development can be grouped in to several areas. These areas are: * Fine Motor - Fine manipulative and Fine Motor Skills * Gross Motor - Gross Motor skills and Locomotive skills * Co-ordination- Hand-eye co-ordination, Foot-eye co-ordination, and balance According to child development experts, a child aged 3 years old should be able to do the following: * Jump with both feet together * Can hold a 'fat' crayon and scribble * Able to run and play chase * Able to climb * Will be starting potty training * Can feed themselves (www.mamashealth.com 10-2-06) * Can turn pages of a book one by one * Uses a spoon without spilling * Walks and runs forward (P. Tassoni,2002, page 168) I believe that W is at the 'norm' for his age group in the area of physical development. He has started potty training and is capable of each of the above milestones as seen in my observation. I did not see W 'hold a fat crayon and scribble' although this does not men that he is not capable of doing so. He is very competent in the area of physical development as you can see in my observation of physical development. Cognitive development is about the way our thought processes develop. ...read more.

Middle

He is still quite possessive which is normal for his age as he has only just turned 3 years of age. I think that W may need encouragement to promote this as it will help him progress. If we did sharing activities with W it may be beneficial to him. E4- The setting could provide several activities for W to do. He could do activities to promote the areas of development that he either needs to develop or is progressing in. The following activities could be done for the children: Physical Development- During a P. E lesson, the setting could provide benches for the children to jump off and provide the space and encouragement for the children to have races. These activities would promote running and jumping. The setting could also provide the children with an arts and crafts activity, where the children could use items such as play-dough which they could cut with scissors and shape cutters. During the time W has to play in the toy room, jigsaws could be set out with 12 pieces as well as three which he is used to doing. Cognitive development - During drawing time, the setting could provide the children with colours and fat pencils and also a drawing to copy if they needed it. During this activity, the children would need to know the names of the colours as they have to colour certain items certain colours. Also during video time, the children watch programmes such as 'counting with Postman Pat' in which they count along with him. ...read more.

Conclusion

The child's parents also need to be involved as if the child is tired or ill then this may trigger inappropriate behaviour. Also because if the childcare workers and the parents manage the child's behaviour in the same way then it may be more effective. If the child shows a lot of inappropriate behaviour then the child care worker should do observations and record the child's development. An observation in the form of time sampling would be appropriate to use in this situation. It is also important as a childcare worker needs to know about the child development milestones so they will know if a child needs to be referred to experts to see if they suffer from behavioural problems. It is also important to understand the link between children's needs and feelings and behaviour. Learning to control strong impulses and desires is hard for young children as they are ego-centric. The childcare worker should provide activities to help children express themselves but remembering the stage of the child's development, which may help the child to some extent. E10- I believe that this assignment contains no bias, discriminatory or stereotypical information towards the child, their family or the work setting. I believe that I have not put any information in this assignment which could offend anyone. I believe that all children were included in my observations and that each activity I have suggested in this assignment could be adapted for those with special needs or disabilities. I have also hidden W's name in my observation, showing confidentiality, as not to offend his family or the work setting. ...read more.

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