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childrens development and health

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Contents Page The physical development of a two year old 1-2 The physical development of a six year old 3-4 The physical care needs of two and six year olds 5 Providing a healthy and safe environment 6 Supporting the physical care needs of children 7 Healthy diet 8-11 Protecting children 12 First aid 13-14 A serious illness 15 Policies and procedures 16 Stages and sequence of physical development 17 The physical development of a 2 year old When children are two they can run, jump, kick. A great deal of time is spent exploring, pushing, pulling, filing, dumping, touching and playing with toys. Two year olds are sure of themselves and of what they can do. > They can walk without help and also walk backwards. > A two year old can also bend over to pick up toys without falling down. > A two year old can walk up and down stairs by holding onto the railing. > Can feed themselves with spoon and drink. > Can turn pages of a book. > A two year old can stack 4-6 objects. > They open the cabinets and drawers. > They can toss or roll a large ball. > Can stoop or squats. > Many children (but not all of them) will learn to use toilet. ...read more.


When children are praised it raises their self-esteem and this gives them confidence and makes them feel good about themselves. Children are individuals so they learn at different times the CCEW makes note of each child's needs. Healthy Diet A healthy diet consists of a wide variety of foods to help the body to grow and to provide energy. It must include enough of these nutrients: > Protein provides materials for growth and repairs of the body. Protein foods provide amino acids and there are ten essential amino acids. Protein foods include animal proteins, meat, fish, chicken, eggs, and dairy foods. Vegetable proteins, nuts, seeds, pulses and cereal. > Fats provide energy and warmth. The types of fats are saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturates. Saturated fats are solid at room temperature and are mainly from the animal fat. Unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are a liquid at room temperature and come from vegetables and fish oils. Foods that contain fats are butter, cheese, palm oil, olive oil, peanut oil, Oily fish, corn oil and sunflower oil. > Carbohydrates also provide energy and warmth to the body. Sugars and starches are types of carbohydrates. Foods containing carbohydrates are fruit, honey, sweets, beet sugars, cane sugar, potatoes, cereal, beans and pasta. ...read more.


Policies are developed to provide a framework for developing good practice in line with legal requirements (Page 4). Some other policies in settings are: > Child protection > Parents as partners > Food and hygiene > Fire drill The importance of knowing the stages and sequence of physical development It is important to know the stages and sequences of physical development, so the CCEW knows what to expect of a child and buy what age. If the CCEW didn't know the stages of development they wouldn't be able to look after the children. They would not know what the children at that age can do so they wouldn't be able to set activities for them or wouldn't have the right equipment for them to use. If a child age 2 years was sitting in one place all day and was doing nothing the CCEW should know there's something wrong with that child because at that age children can run, walk and cruel because the CCEW knows the stages and sequence of physical development, she can help that child and encourage him to do things. So it is important for them to know so they can set and do the right activities also so they know what is normal physical development and what is not normal physical development. ...read more.

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