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"Consider the effects of daycare on children's development"

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Evaluating the arguments for and against Daycare ESSAY PLAN- "Consider the effects of daycare on children's development" * Good and bad effects caused by daycare * Use evidence- such has Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis and his juvenile thieves study to support the negative effects. (Briefly outline main findings of the studies) * Also include arguments for the positive effects of daycare and backup with research from beginning of task two. * Also comment on things like individual differences, number of hours spent in daycare and methodology of the studies, the table above will help. * Sum up by talking about the effects and about how positive and how negative they are (examples e.g. affectionless psychopathy etc.) Task 3 The effects of daycare on social development Research that shows POSITIVE effects Research that shows NEGATIVE effects 1. Andersson- Swedish study 2. Bowlby's Maternal deprivation hypothesis 3. Schweinhart- High/scope Perry preschool 4. Bryant- childminding 5. Creps and Vernon- Feagan 6. Violata and Russell-meta-analysis The research that shows positive effects of social development ANDERSSON- SWEDISH STUDY- This study was conducted in 1992 and found that school performance was higher in those children that had received high quality before the age of one.

Middle

This study was conducted in 1980. Showed that parents have a greater investment in the Childs well- being and are better looking after the child themselves, so not to cause any negative effects. VIOLATTA AND RUSSELL-META-ANALYSIS- This did a meta-analysis of the findings of 88 studies, concluding that regular daycare for more than 20 hours per week had an unmistakable negative effect on socio-emotional development, behaviour and attachment of young children. Evaluation points from table in task two, which apply to social development * Babies who spend more than 10 hours a week in daycare are more aggressive when they go to school * Shy children find it difficult cope * There are many variables involved in the relationship between daycare and the outcomes * Some studies are over ten years old so their conclusions might not be relevant today. These are some evaluation points for social development. But more damage is done when babies spend over 20 hours in daycare a week when talking about there later social development. True different personalities the children have will effect their social development, such as shy children will be less outgoing etc...

Conclusion

BAYDER AND BROOKS- GUNN- In 1991 a study on 1000 children was conducted, Bayder and Brooks concluded that their cognitive development was lower if their mothers worked when they were of a very young age, before 1 yr old, compared to the children who's mothers started work later in their lives. BOWLBY'S MATERNAL DEPRIVATION HYPOTHESIS- (Same as in task 3) Evaluation points from table in task two, which apply to cognitive development * There are many variables involved in the relationship between daycare and the outcomes * Daycare can show a correlation with the outcomes but it can't tell us about the causes * Some studies are over ten years old so their conclusions might not be relevant today. * Insecurely attached children do best in daycare There are lots of variables that a child will encounter during his/her cognitive development. Daycare can only show a link between cognitive development and separation from child mothers, but can't actually prove the cause of how the child turns out. Again older studies aren't as good as the newer ones but still provide evidence. Differently attached children perform differently at daycare for example insecure children won't be thinking about their mother and will be able to work etc... ?? ?? ?? ?? Peter Sutton, 12 NW DAYCARE UNIT

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