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Daycare has become a major issue over recent years. Some people believe that daycare can be bad for the child while others will disagree and say that the child needs daycare. Discuss.

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Introduction

Day Care Daycare has become a major issue over recent years. Some people believe that daycare can be bad for the child while others will disagree and say that the child needs daycare. Bowlby believed that separation from the mother during the first few years of a child's life could lead to serious and permanent consequences in later life, these may include mental subnormality, delinquency, depression, dwarfism and affectionless psychopathy. If the separation happens in the first year then the attachment may not by "the mother-child relationship". A successful bond should be made with the mother when the child is born. Freud believed that successful bonds are made when feeding practices satisfy the child's need for food, oral pleasure and oral sexual gratification. Breast-feeding is meant to make a more secure attachment to the mother. Behaviourists view of attachment is that the child becomes attached to those who satisfy their physiological needs. Whenever the caregiver is around the child should feel security and safe. Both views support the idea that attachment accounts for "the cupboard love" theory. Bowlby believed that the successful bond had to be with the mother but others disagreed with this. Parke(1981) stated that "Both mother and father are important attachment objects for their infants but the circumstances that lead to selecting mum or dad may differ". ...read more.

Middle

Scarr (1998) made a list of the most important things for high quality daycare. These include health and safety requirements, responsive and warm interaction between staff and children, developmentally appropriate curricula, limited size group, age - appropriate care giver and child ratios, adequate indoor and outdoor space, good trained staff and low staff turnover. In the U.S.A quality varies a lot whereas in Europe it doesn't(Lambetal 1992). Since there is a correlation between the quality of care with the parent's personal characteristics or circumstances it is hard to interpret these findings. Children from low-income families are going to get poor quality daycare compared to children from high-income families, which can afford to find the best quality daycare. It is unclear what variable is influencing the child's development. This confession has led to an overestimation of the effect of daycare. In some countries such as France and Belgium childcare is organised and subsidised by the government and free to all parents. In my opinion this is a very good idea as those people who come from a low-income family have the right to get high quality care. The government should therefore do it in our country, as it has proved successful. Daycare can have effects on social development. According to Bowlby a child whose mother goes out to work experiences deprivation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Much of the research in daycare has been carried out in the U.S.A. The conclusions to these studies may not apply to other cultures and societies. Lots of women work in the U.S.A so the amount of children in daycare is a bigger and therefore a bigger issue. (Mooney and Munton) After 40 years of researching they concluded that there is no evidence that working mothers effect their child's emotional or social development. Even poor quality care can make no difference to a child in a stable family. High quality care may provide extra benefits for the children. In my opinion we should stop arguing what's good and bad we should provide enough high quality daycare for the children out there who need it. In British families now 70% of both parents' work and the proportion of single parent families have risen from 8% to 21%. What is needed is fully trained staff and good pay for daycare workers so children can get positive benefits out of daycare. The issue today, therefore is not whether infants should be in daycare or not but is to make more high quality care so parents can trust daycare to bring up their children in an acceptable way and make sure it has no effects on there attachments with the child. Yes the government should put more money into daycare! ...read more.

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