• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Does attachment theory provide a sound basis for advice on how to bring up children?

Extracts from this document...


Pg 1 of 7 Gail Adams T.M.A 03 U7740974 Does attachment theory provide a sound basis for advice on how to bring up children? One crucial concept of bringing up children is attachment. British psychologist John Bowlby (1907-90) developed the attachment theory and argued that a basic characteristic of human need was to form strong emotional bonds with particular individuals, deprivation of secure attachments through separation, bereavement or emotional distance he believed caused disruption to a child's development. Mary Ainsworth(1985) a student of Bowlby extended upon his theories focusing on the nature and quality of attachment relationships between infant and primary caregiver. There have been many critiques to Bowlbys attachment theory and all will be examined in order to answer the question. The attachment theory will be looked at in respect to its practical implications for child rearing in the context of both family members and day care facilities. Evidence from research has provided information about factors which form the foundations of secure and insecure attachments these have implications for different types of child care. Very early, children develop internal working models, internalised ideas about the nature of their relationships with primary caregivers, they base these on former interactions and experiences (Bowlby,1969). ...read more.


Erickson et al.(1985) found that infants who are judged insecurely attached at twelve months are at greater risk of developing behavioural difficulties affecting the quality of their relationships later on. This can be especially true in situations where the parent is distressed. According to Rutter (1981), the events accompanying the cases of family breakdown, like stress, family discord, emotional neglect, lack of positive relationships with others and the more generally understood deprivation of institutional experiences are the more likely causes of delinquency attributed to early experiences. Therefore these factors, rather than disrupted mother-infant attachment on its own, were more likely to be blamed. There are many significant others who might play a role in the child rearing. A study on grandparents recognised them as being an invaluable influence on a child's development Melhuish et al (1990). Grandparents can strengthen the attachment between parent and child. They also feel close bomnds with the child because they are related and usually have the child's best interest at heart. An exclusive relationship can form between grandparents and their grand children, and in some cases, can be as strong as the mothers, especially in some cultures according to Hinde+Stevenson-Hinde, (1988). ...read more.


This type of relationship forms a secure base for internal working models and every child should have the opportunity to indulge in a close intimate relationship. Significant others can also provide such a relationship replicating a mothers love without jeopardising the attachment and research shows that deprivation of attachment from the mother at birth can be rectified in later years with other forms of child care providing accessibility, consistency and a loving sensitive response. Quality of alternative care is an important consideration and a variety of circumstances contribute to the attachment bonds being at risk or being broken. It is vital to consider attachment as an important factor when choosing any form of child care, as it is the opportunity for infants to secure relationships with those providing alternative care. This has implications for parents, staff and other forms of carers as it is important that positive relationships are established and appreciation for the contribution that they each make to the infants care and development is accredited. Many challenges have been made against the attachment theory but it still provides a sound basis to encourage parents, other caregivers and care facilities to accommodate sensitive and responsive care to children. Word count 2010 Pg 6 of 7 Gail Adams T.M. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Child Development - Child Study

    4 star(s)

    What type of development would be used for the visit and what topic would be studied within that area of development? Also the plan had to have an aim based on the topic. It was important that the correct location and that the right equipment for the study was available.

  2. Child development - Study of a child

    Emotional Development Alanya showed me that she has had a good day and that she enjoys the park a lot, you could tell by the way she kept smiling and looking at everyone etc. She also enjoyed it because she was talking about it on the way home.

  1. How to establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment for children

    the welfare and safety for children and young people who may be at risk. Another act which does a similar thing to the Children act 2004 is the Childcare act 2006. Risks In any Childcare facility or establishment there will always be an element of risk, weather it is running in the playground or climbing on the apparatus.

  2. This assignment will discuss and critically analyse maternal welfare, observing the effects of alcohol ...

    Examples when a child is deliberately cruel, inflicting pain on other children stealing of just refusing to miss with other children. To support this, Curtis and O'Hagan (2003) stipulate that children with fetal alcohol syndrome may be less approachable to the normal methods for dealing with that behaviour, due to

  1. Transactional Analysis and Games Theory

    These recordings are permanent and cannot be erased. 2. Ego states which are autonomously directed towards objective appraisal of reality - the Adult is necessary for survival. The Adult is the last ego state to develop, only beginning after the infant is ten months' old.

  2. Development through the life stages

    For example when a person in their family dies they cannot share information with their children because it might affect them in a way or they might get nightmares. But this can also affect the person who may have to tell the child.

  1. Child development study - I will compare my visits and look at Aroushs development ...

    When Aroush?s mum came, aroush decided she didn?t want to play any more and so she went and sat in the living room on her mum?s lap. According to http://www.healthvisitors.com/parents/stages_emotional_ development.htm a child of 15 months needs comfort and reassurance from their parents.

  2. Cache L2 unit 2. Social Development of Children

    Work with Parents to identify learning needs and respond quickly to any area of particular difficulty. E.g. working with parents to identify if a child has any difficulties in any particle area and needs special help, so a form of improvement could be mad E.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work