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Health and safety in an early years setting. Laws and first aid

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CCLD Unit 202 (k2s15) 1. a Child protection polices and procedures, behaviour management policy , health and hygiene policy, equal opportunities policy, parental involvement policy ,safety policy and practice, lost child procedure, outings procedure ,selecting equipment policy and practice, staffing and employment policy. b. It is important to follow procedures as children are at risk from many threats to their safety as they grow up .All settings that offer care and education to children have to have procedures for safety, protection and emergencies. It is possible to eliminate the majority of risks and protect children in your care if these procedures are followed. (k2h16) 2. There are laws governing safety in the U.K FIRE PRECAUTIONS 1997 THE CHILDREN ACT 1989 FOOD HANDLING REGULATIONS 1995 The HEALTH AND SAFTEY AT WORK ACT has clear principles to ensure health and safety at work .Employers and employees have a responsibility for the safety of a workplace. This legislation covers all of the following: * Buildings and services-design and maintenance * Cleanliness of the environment and of food preparation areas * Safe storage and use of equipment * Working practices that promote health and safety * Provision of a safety policy. COSHH. Legislation called COSHH (control of substances hazardous to health) covers substances that can cause ill health .Such substances must have labels on them. (k2s17) 3. It is the duty of all staff within the sector to safeguard children to protect them from harm and danger ,and for us to be aware of all safety issues within the setting .If I were in a situation where my concerns were not taken seriously or followed through I would report this to my supervisor or manager, as colleagues could be putting a childs life at risk. (k2p18) 4. The manual handling (MHOR) act came into force in January 1993.The risk assessment approach is applied whenever things or people are moved by hand. ...read more.

Middle

Open airway -reassess breathing * If breathing place in the recovery position. * If not breathing - commence resuscitation. - perform 5 ventalations ,each of which makes the chest rise and fall ,if the airway is still obstructed repeat the sequence as follows FOR A CHILD BETWEEN ONE AND EIGHT * Repeat the procedure as above but substitute 5 chest thrusts with 5 abdominal thrusts every alternate cycle. * Procedure for performing abdominal thrusts - if conscious - * Stand behind child place arm around upper part of childs abdomen just under the rib cage and clench fist * Pull sharply inwards and upwards with the aim of producing sudden expulsion of air, together with the foreign body, from the airway * Repeat up to 5 times if necessary * REMEMBER TO ALTERNATE CYCLES OF 5 BACK SLAPS, 5 CHEST THRUSTS AND 5 BACK SLAPS AND 5 ABDOMINAL THRUSTS * Repeat cycles until - airway is cleared or child breathes spontaneously PROCEDURE FOR TREATING AN INFANT WHO IS CHOKING * Perform up to 5 back slaps * Position the infant over your arm face down, legs either side of your elbow with the head low * Give up to 5 back slaps between the shoulder blades * If the obstruction is not cleared turn the infant uppermost keeping their head low * Use two fingers on the chest turn the infant uppermost keeping their head low * Use two fingers on the chest mid nipple line and press up to five times at the rate of one every 3 seconds * If object is still not cleared call 999 and send for medical aid. Continue with treatment until the ambulance personnel take over. * DO NOT USE ABDOMINAL THRUSTS ON AN INFANT AS THEY MAY CAUSE IRREVERSIBLE DAMAGE TO THEIR ABDOMINAL CONTENTS. PERFOM BACK SLAPS AND CHEST THRUST ONLY. * Repeat sequence of 5 back slaps and 5 chest thrusts until airway is cleared or infant breathes spontaneously. ...read more.

Conclusion

the room by themselves * Techniques intended to single out and humiliate individual children such as the naughty chair will not be used. * Children who misbehave will be given adult support in seeing what was wrong and working towards a better pattern .this support will be provided by the childs keyworker. * Where appropriate this might be achieved by a period of time out with an adult * In cases of serious misbehaviour ,such as racial or other abuse, the unacceptability of the behaviour and attitudes will be made clear immediately ,but by means of explanations rather than personal blame. * In any case of misbehaviour ,it will always be made clear to the child or children in question that it is the behaviour and not the child that is unwelcome * Adults will not shout ,or raise their voices in a threatening way * Adults in the nursery will make themselves aware of, and respect, a range of cultural expectations regarding interactions between people * Any behaviour problems will be handled in a developmental appropriate fashion, respecting individual childrens level of understanding and maturity * Reaccuring problems will be tackled by the whole nursery, in partnership with the childs parents, using objective observation records to establish an understanding of the case * Adults will be aware that some kinds of behaviour may arise from a childs special needs. (k2h38) 23 It is important to reward positive behaviour as this will encourage children to behave positively. this means praising and encouraging the behaviour that you want ,and giving children attention when they are behaving well. it is far preferable to be told you are doing well and someone is proud of you, than to be told off and told you are useless. 24. (k2s1118) Legislation ,guidelines and policys which form the basis for action to safe guarding children are : the children act, health and safety act, national standard act -under 8 -daycare and childminding, childrens rights act. Dawn Rogers 4th September 2006 ...read more.

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