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Settings in which children's play takes place.

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Introduction

D1 * There are many different settings where children can play. Three of them could be: o Nursery - A nursery is a private provision which people need to pay for. o Infant school - An infant school is a statutory provision which is normally free of charge. o Youth clubs - Youth clubs are normally voluntary provision. There is normally a small charge for this. D2 In a nursery the age range is normally between 0-5 years. Children aged between 0-2 years are concentrating on controlling their bodies. They are also exploring the environment. By the age of two children can normally repeat the same activity. This is called solitary play. Between the ages 2-5 years start using more language to communicate. They also like to imaginative play. This could be using a stick as a wand. When children turn 3 they tend to parallel play. This is when children play next to each other but may not communicate with each other. Associative play is when children start to watch what other children are doing and even start to copy them. In infant school the age range is normally 5-7 years. They start to learn more things when in infant school. This could be writing their own names or drawing pictures of their family and writing a little sentence of who is in the picture. They still like to do imaginative play. This is where they play together. This could be in a home corner and they have a mum and dad. By the age of seven children can normally play games with rules in and are able to follow these rules. Children at this age are becoming more aware of the surroundings that they are in, and want to explore the environment around them. At this age children are becoming more independent and want to follow rules of games, still having room for imagination and creating their own rules to a game. ...read more.

Middle

Also water tray can be changed having different colour glitter and adding water colouring in to the tray. It's important that as a practitioner I'm giving the correct support to the children making sure that the equipment that is put in the tray is used correctly to develop the children learning. The resources that will support the infant school children when developing their imaginative, is an area that provides children with lots of different activities. They should be giving the option to choose what they want to play with and use. A good area to develop children imaginative development is an outdoor area, with loads of space where the children are able to run around in. The children can use their imagination to change the environment into something completely different. Practitioners are able to do this following the theorist Reggio Emilia as the theory stated that children should use the environment to develop their own learning. The resources that will support the youth club children to be able to play football are good team work and communication, the correct equipment and an understanding of the rules of football. Children should be provided with outdoor/indoor space, where they are able to do sport activities, depending on the weather. Activities should still continue and not be affected in bad weather. It's also important that the setting provides a trained member of staff that understands the different rules to the activity as they need to be able to support the children physical development correctly and teaching the children the correct rules. B1 Children benefit from play activities that provide challenge as taking risks has a positive impact on their development. It has been noticed that children who take small risks in a controlled way use them in later life. If you over protect children you can delay their development. This could be in their social and emotional needs as well as their overall health. ...read more.

Conclusion

Before doing this unit I probably would not let 3-5 year old children play with scissors because I would have thought it was too dangerous for the children. By being involved I have more understanding that children need to take risks to help them develop. This has made me understand that there is risk assessments put into place to ensure that the children can do this type of activity and many others like it, without the risk of the children getting injured. As a practitioner I have been able to develop on my own learning that will help children development and knowledge. Therefore I have learned that children need to learn how to use scissors for them to carry out further tasks that involve cutting so they can complete many of those tasks. Cutting different shapes in materials not only help the children to learn to cut put with the help of a practitioner, it can also help the child's fine motor skills, hand and eye coordination and other development that can be improved throughout the activity. D7 I understand that you should always include all children no matter if they are boy/girl, white/black or have a disability or not. Every child is equal and should be treated that way. You should allow everyone to play the activities because if you leave a child out because of their appearance or learning difficulties you will make those children upset and lonely. Some things may have to be done different for example if the children would like to play football but there's a child with a physical disability and cannot walk or run the other children need to help that child by allowing them to catch the ball and then throw it instead of running with it. This way no children will be left out and everyone is happy. D8 Books Childcare and Education 4th Edition Penny Tassoni 2007 Child care and education 4th edition cache level 3 Penny Tassoni 2007 Internet http://psychohawks.wordpress.com/2010/09/05/theories-of-cognitive-development-jean-piaget/ http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091221132310AA1Beb1 ?? ?? ?? ?? Ystrad Mynach College - 498.000 Pin Number - 11/714308 Jessica Sprudd ...read more.

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