• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...


Tom This is the restructured version for you to think about. If you decide to structure it this way, you may find that you need to re-jig some sections a little - I'm not sure without re-reading it and I don't have time now A background to the violence in Northern Ireland In 1796 and 1798 Wolf Tone tried to free Ireland from Britain's control but this ended in defeat. The British government responded to Wolf Tones movement by the Act Of Union in 1801. The act officially joined Great Britain and Ireland together. The term Unionist, which describes those who wanted the Act to happen, began after the Act Of Union. In the 19th century the main aim of the Protestant community was to remain united with Great Britain. The main aim of the Catholics was full Catholic emancipation. They want Ireland to become united with Northern Ireland and completely independent from Britain. Daniel O'Connell, a Catholic Lawyer, became the leader of the people fighting for this. In 1829 the British government feared a new Irish rebellion and they pushed through the Catholic Emancipation Act that granted full legal equality to Catholics. Although this gave Catholics full political rights in the Protestant dominated British parliament, Catholics were in the minority. The Orange Order was a semi-secret society set up in the 1790s. It celebrated William of Orange's victory at the battle of the Boyne, which they still hold marches to celebrate and they also aim to keep power in Protestant hands, by swearing to defend the religion. ...read more.


It is believed that up to a dozen PIRA bomb makers are now with the RIRA, which is not a good sign. There is a lot of violence in Northern Ireland but what is more worrying is that there is violence in amongst the IRA and its splinter groups. This is because the groups on the ceasefire are annoyed that the groups that aren't, but are still killing. This means that members of different IRA groups are killing each other which increases the anger all round. The Protestant terrorist groups are fighting to keep Northern Ireland part of the United Kingdom. The main terrorist groups are the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF), the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). The LVF are a splinter group off the UVF. All of these parties are against the Good Friday agreement because they want Northern Ireland united with Britain, and the Good Friday agreement might change that. This is because..... (I'm not sure myself so I can't help you here, but you need to explain) There is violence among the groups mainly due to 'turf wars'. Turf wars are .... (explain them here) John 'Mad Dog' Adair runs major illegal drug trafficking and lots of protection rackets. Mad Dog is in the LVF. The UVF are trying to get more territory by joining with the LVF but the LVF realised this and the LVF started to kill the members of the UVF who in turn retaliated. ...read more.


The English took land from Catholics and gave it to Protestants. This provoked the Catholics and they began to attack Protestants. The Protestants retaliated and this went on for a while. King James II came to the English? throne in 1685. He was a Catholic King and the Protestant Irish were scared that the Catholics who were helped by James II would overthrow them. Luckily for the Irish Protestants the English did not like James II and they overthrew him. William of Orange then became king. James went to France to gather an army and then went to Ireland to get support of the Catholic Irish. William of Orange and James II met at the Battle of the Boyne. William beat James and the Irish Protestants knew that they were going to be the top dogs of Ireland for quite a while. I have moved this from above because it makes a good conclusion: The true source of violence between the Catholic and Protestant communities is not simple. There are many factors: religion, politics, nationality, culture and history which all mix in together. To say that any of one them is the main cause would be too simple because all of the key factors have a part to play. Before there can be peace politicians need to look at all the factors and make everyone aware how important peace is. In the last week it looks as though this might be happening and that there is some new hope for the stability of Northern Ireland. Tom Grigg 11PT 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    Once Catholic MPs even formed an important group at Westminster when under the leadership of Charles Parnell. However, in 1886 and 1893 the Home Rule Bills were defeated in Parliament. However, there was a major concern in Ulster where Scottish Presbyterian traditions were strongest, and in 1912 the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF)

  2. How successful was Sir Robert Peel's Irish policy (1841-45)?

    Unfortunately for all concerned, no such development materialised. To be fair to Peel, though, his policies were lacking neither in funding nor innovation. The policies were centred on the Maynooth Bill of 1844-5, which ensured that �30,000 extra was supplied to Maynooth College, a Catholic seminary where priests were trained.

  1. The train pulled into the station slowly.

    Chioma was mildly surprised as the strongly negative reaction it received. Why? Chioma recognised that the stranger was on the same boat as her, making the same journey and encountering many of the same problems. The white woman was a foreigner; Chioma could detect the needy look in her eyes.

  2. Northern Ireland

    The peace process for Northern Ireland began in 1993 with the Downing Street Declaration. These were talks that involved the U.K. Prime Minister, the Irish Prime Minister, representatives from loyalist and nationalists parties. The talks involved the British government stating that it had no selfish, strategic or economic interest in Northern Ireland.

  1. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    paid them a personal visit and they decided to reverse their decision. The talks grew to a stage were Sinn Fein who had been previously very unwilling to enter peace talks felt hard done by when they were suspended for being linked to an IRA attack.

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    O'Connell accepted the ban, as the idea of breaking the law would in no doubt have lead to widespread violence. This defeat signalled that the repeal movement was coming to an end, and Peel pressed his advantage home quite ruthlessly.

  1. Ireland coursework-Part AIreland has had a lot of trouble over the years for many ...

    Up to this day Catholics are still angry at the British for this incident, they will never forget what happened. They still have this anger at the back of their minds when disagreements between Protestants and Catholics occur today. This incident has led to Ireland being close to America, because

  2. "How important was Catholic Emancipation in religion and politics in Englandand Ireland between c1820 ...

    In the end, Wellington and Peel gave in to the demands of the O'Connell and his association and earned hatred from the Old Tories, led by Lord Eldon and other staunch Anglicans. This evidence shows that this issue of Catholic Emancipation had a lot of influence over British politics during

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work