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A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

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Tom This is the restructured version for you to think about. If you decide to structure it this way, you may find that you need to re-jig some sections a little - I'm not sure without re-reading it and I don't have time now A background to the violence in Northern Ireland In 1796 and 1798 Wolf Tone tried to free Ireland from Britain's control but this ended in defeat. The British government responded to Wolf Tones movement by the Act Of Union in 1801. The act officially joined Great Britain and Ireland together. The term Unionist, which describes those who wanted the Act to happen, began after the Act Of Union. In the 19th century the main aim of the Protestant community was to remain united with Great Britain. The main aim of the Catholics was full Catholic emancipation. They want Ireland to become united with Northern Ireland and completely independent from Britain. Daniel O'Connell, a Catholic Lawyer, became the leader of the people fighting for this. In 1829 the British government feared a new Irish rebellion and they pushed through the Catholic Emancipation Act that granted full legal equality to Catholics. Although this gave Catholics full political rights in the Protestant dominated British parliament, Catholics were in the minority. The Orange Order was a semi-secret society set up in the 1790s. It celebrated William of Orange's victory at the battle of the Boyne, which they still hold marches to celebrate and they also aim to keep power in Protestant hands, by swearing to defend the religion. ...read more.


It is believed that up to a dozen PIRA bomb makers are now with the RIRA, which is not a good sign. There is a lot of violence in Northern Ireland but what is more worrying is that there is violence in amongst the IRA and its splinter groups. This is because the groups on the ceasefire are annoyed that the groups that aren't, but are still killing. This means that members of different IRA groups are killing each other which increases the anger all round. The Protestant terrorist groups are fighting to keep Northern Ireland part of the United Kingdom. The main terrorist groups are the Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF), the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF), the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). The LVF are a splinter group off the UVF. All of these parties are against the Good Friday agreement because they want Northern Ireland united with Britain, and the Good Friday agreement might change that. This is because..... (I'm not sure myself so I can't help you here, but you need to explain) There is violence among the groups mainly due to 'turf wars'. Turf wars are .... (explain them here) John 'Mad Dog' Adair runs major illegal drug trafficking and lots of protection rackets. Mad Dog is in the LVF. The UVF are trying to get more territory by joining with the LVF but the LVF realised this and the LVF started to kill the members of the UVF who in turn retaliated. ...read more.


The English took land from Catholics and gave it to Protestants. This provoked the Catholics and they began to attack Protestants. The Protestants retaliated and this went on for a while. King James II came to the English? throne in 1685. He was a Catholic King and the Protestant Irish were scared that the Catholics who were helped by James II would overthrow them. Luckily for the Irish Protestants the English did not like James II and they overthrew him. William of Orange then became king. James went to France to gather an army and then went to Ireland to get support of the Catholic Irish. William of Orange and James II met at the Battle of the Boyne. William beat James and the Irish Protestants knew that they were going to be the top dogs of Ireland for quite a while. I have moved this from above because it makes a good conclusion: The true source of violence between the Catholic and Protestant communities is not simple. There are many factors: religion, politics, nationality, culture and history which all mix in together. To say that any of one them is the main cause would be too simple because all of the key factors have a part to play. Before there can be peace politicians need to look at all the factors and make everyone aware how important peace is. In the last week it looks as though this might be happening and that there is some new hope for the stability of Northern Ireland. Tom Grigg 11PT 1 ...read more.

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