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Architectural styles

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Introduction

Which is more useful for telling us about changing architectural styles up to the end of the 19th century; Wimpole Hall or Hinchingbrooke house? Since the 11th century, the aristocracy have had to have a stylish home; it was a sign of power and wealth. Styles of architecture have been changing ever since, for example with the coming of the British empire, new styles were coming from the middle east and the styles of the time changed as the wealthy wanted a more sophisticated and agricultural look. The stately home came into fashion at the beginning of the 17th century and with it came the Tudor Jacobean/Perpendicular Gothic style which consisted of things like such as symmetrical arches, flying buttresses and crenulations however, whereas in medieval structures it was used as a defence, in perpendicular gothic they were used as decoration. After Tudor Jacobean came 18th century Gothic, which was, brick for brick, the same as Tudor Jacobean, because in this period there was plenty of money from owning land and from the trade of the early scratching's of the British empire however the materials that were needed were limited along with the methods to use them due to the lack of recourses and the fact that there were not a lot of production methods. ...read more.

Middle

understanding by adding different architectural styles to their home from different country's, so by adding the bridge they show that they are a cultured family, they are basically tying to look good to other people also known as conspicuous consumption. The Japanese gardens at Hinchingbrooke were added for a different reason however, the fifth earl of Sandwich was posted at Japan and he enjoyed the look of things over there, so he brought some of the styles back with him and created his garden which he decorated with Japanese bird houses and other things, which he would not have been able to do had it not been during the period of time that the British were in the Middle East. During the period of time that the aristocracy ruled, it was all about being better than one another, and the rich bought expensive goods to impress each other and show off this was known as conspicuous consumption, it was also used to gain favour with others i.e. a noble would by another noble a gift in order to earn his gratitude and favour. Wimpole Hall was built in the late 1630's for 250 years the Chicheley family dominated the history of Wimpole Hall, after demolishing the old property at Wimpole, Thomas Chicheley built the new Hall to the south east of the old site. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Great Hall, the Bow Room and the staircase were all destroyed before the villagers could stop it. In 1832 Edward Blore, the architect, was called in to carry out repairs and rebuild the damaged part of the house Most of the external features were retained - notably the two bay windows on the North Front and the Great Bow Window of 1602 which reduced in size and moved round to its present situation on the South Front. A fine new drawing room with an ornate Gothic ceiling was created on the ground floor and a new entrance was formed surmounted by an imposing tower. This destroyed the proportion of the Hall but enabled a convenient spot to be found for the butler's pantry and housekeeper's room. During 1894-6 the west wing was built it contained bathrooms and servants rooms. Bathrooms were a big thing at the time and to have one in your house was considered "marvellous". Hinchingbrooke house is still used today whereas Wimpole is owned by a trust and only used for guided tours. In my opinion Hinchingbrooke house is better at showing the architectural change through out time because bits of it have been built at different times whereas Wimpole is built in the neo classical period and no others. James O'Connell 10c1 ...read more.

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