• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Battle of Britain

Extracts from this document...


Hitler wanted to invade Britain. He called his plan 'Operation Sea lion' . He had detailed plans of who would rule Britain after it was conquered. His propaganda machine had already made a newsreel of the 'victorious' German soldiers and the British they had 'captured'. But Britain was defended by the Royal Navy, which was much stronger than the German Navy. If Hitler was going to mount an invasion of Britain, he would have to find a way to defend his invasion barges from attack. The German air force - the Luftwaffe - could defend the invasion, but, to do that, Hitler would first have to knock out the Royal Air Force (RAF). That is how the Battle of Britain came about. ...read more.


which was reliable and was used to shoot down the Luftwaffe bombers; and the Spitfire (March 1936), the fastest plane in the world, which was used to destroy the Nazi fighters which protected the bombers. 4. Fourthly, in May 1940, Churchill put Lord Beaverbrook (owner of the Daily Express) in charge of aircraft production. He ran one appeal for aluminium - 'We will turn your pots and pans into Spitfires and Hurricanes' - and another scheme where towns, groups or individuals could 'buy' a Spitfire (for �5000) and send it off the fight the Nazis. He also set up a Civilian Repair Organisation, which made new planes from the left-over pieces of planes which had been shot down. ...read more.


But, as it was, German air chiefs overestimated the number of British casualties and their bombers were being shot down faster than they could be manufactured. Hitler needed summer weather for his channel invasion - so as winter approached with no breakthrough, the threat of invasion receded. Hitler had failed to establish air superiority and his fleet of invasion barges assembled in French ports had also suffered heavy losses in RAF bomber attacks. In mid October he ordered his invasion fleet dispersed. The battle was over and Britain was safe. About 1,700 Luftwaffe bombers and fighters had been shot down in just a few months and Britain had lost more than 900 fighter planes. Nearly 500 British pilots and aircrew had also been killed. The British Prime Minister Winston Churchill memorably said: "Never... was so much owed by so many to so few." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Dunkirk and The Battle of Britain.

    Germans lost the element of surprise, which in many ways made up for the lack of numbers on the British side. The Germans were never able to successfully take out Britain's radar chain, and this plays a big part in why they were never able to get the better of fighter command.

  2. Dunkirk and The Battle of Britain - Why was Britain able to win the ...

    The war was far from over, but the Germans had suffered their first defeat. In four months, while Britain had lost 915 aircraft, the Germans had lost 1733. There was still a long way to go, but it proved to the world that the Germans were not invincible.

  1. Did radar affect the outcome of the Battle of Britain?

    Although the Germans lost more, they had far greater reserves of trained pilots in Germany. Britain had none, and therefore was constantly trying to meet the demand. Britain's saviour was Poland, who had been conquered by Germany. They had been recruited from the Polish Air Force, and were very experienced.

  2. Why was britain able to win the battle of britain

    have an air force due to the Treaty of Versailles therefore it had less experience which would be an advantage to the British. One the main reasons to why Britain one the battle of Britain was due to the development of this technology and planes, this enabled them to win along with there experience and knowledge.

  1. Why was Britain able to win the Battle of Britain?

    over 80% and the Chain home became one of the biggest factors in helping Britain to win the B of B. Small inventions such as bullet-proof windscreens for fighter planes also helped the British. The Second contributing factor in helping Britain to win the B of B was Leadership.

  2. Free essay

    Dunkirk and the Battle of Britain

    This may be because he was an ordinary naval sailor and has probably never witnessed such events like Dunkirk in the past until this moment and because of pure excitement. Elmsie says that he glanced back at the beach when he explained certain events happening, this is brief.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work