• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Black civil rights

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History GCSE Coursework American Civil rights Black African Americans have been treated inadequately by the opposite race (white people) for centuries from when the slave trade was in full force to the contemporary day with gang violence and racism in all fifty states of the USA. I am going investigate the reasons why black Americans argued for their civil rights and what successes were brought about by this fighting in the 1950s and 1960s. Some evidence of racism to Black people in the USA was written in a black journalist's book quoted from 'American Dreams lost and found'. It shows no respect, and gives a sense of inferiority, illustrating white attitudes to blacks in the early to mid 20th century. It draws a powerful image of blacks being fit for menial jobs and be deficient in the ability to do professional jobs. One problem leading to Blacks fighting for their Civil Rights was the unjust Jim Crow rules in the Southern states. The white people who lived in the South wanted to maintain a two tier society. In 1880 they introduced legal segregation of races. This was a concept of Blacks being separate from Whites but the two societies being equal. There would be separate facilities for blacks and whites from hotels to schools. Inter race marriage was made illegal by these laws. This was all to keep a defined two tier society. An additional reason why Blacks fought for their Civil Rights was the voting rights which they had. There were voting qualification laws. Blacks had to pass a literacy test which was incredibly hard because they were uneducated. ...read more.

Middle

To set things in motion I would like to begin with talking about the successes achieved in America. When segregation was coming to its closing stages, the Brown decision of 1954 made it illegal to have segregated schools. This was not very popular for white people of the South of America. Many white coloured communities often resisted, like in Little Rock Arkansas. One case that is known as the 'Brown Case', involved a little girl called Louise Brown, whose parents wanted her to go to an all-white school. This little girl was black. Her parents fought for their rights to send their girl to that school. They thought segregation was over. According to white people it was not. At Little Rock in the state of Arkansas, federal troops had to force their way into a white school so that black people could go there. Another case was that from the Modern America book about James Meredith. He had the qualifications to go to the University of Mississippi, after taking the school to court several times he had a place on a course in 1962. When James came to the University for registration the governor of Mississippi was barricading the way in. It took the US army to stop the governor from stopping James from going to the university. Rioters rioted and protesters protested until he could attend all his classes. In the end he had several federal marshals to protect him at school. These two reports show the real hatred of the Blacks by the Whites of Southern America, but the point is Blacks stepped forward in education and gained very equal opportunities of a decent education to whites; Which Blacks did not have when segregation was around. ...read more.

Conclusion

The rescue missions even were holding victims at gunpoint, the Blacks where also seen as criminals and looters. Blacks still had to fight to improve the conditions of black people in the USA. The Civil Rights Acts were not enough. They were seriously hard to enforce. The wealth and big businesses were still owned by whites. Banks refused to lend money to people in 'Black' areas. This resulted in a succession of riots in cities across America. A system was then introduced were companies had to appoint a certain proportion of Blacks, or other disadvantaged groups. Even less educated less qualified than other applicants. This was a slight set back to what Blacks expected Blacks wanted an even spread of rich whites and Blacks not still having a vast amount of whites being richer. In conclusion I believe that all the successes for Blacks were a big step forward for Blacks in the 1950s and 60s. Fighting for their country in Europe to following Martin Luther King through Washington; Blacks struggled and fought for their Civil Rights and won. However they also had great loses. Like the racism continuing right up to this day. Their social status plummets and their economic power always being under par. But they still to this day stride towards a better future, with the help of peaceful Blacks like Martin Luther King as inspiration to make a name for themselves in the USA. The result of their successes a better world were a young make in America can learn at a good education standard, a young Black can work as whatever they want to be, and most importantly a Black man can be considered an equal to a white man in America. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. History Coursework - Intolerance kkk

    No violence was used and there were only Flappers being arrested. There were very few victims only a few were arrested. The Anti-Flirt League breaks the Declaration of Independence because they go against the, "Pursuit of Happiness". The women were waiting to be free and happy but the intolerant group were not allowing this.

  2. History Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

    This sort of picture would have shocked people who saw it in newspapers, or on TV and this is how money and support was sent in from around the globe, as well as sympathy for the black protestors and pressure on the government to change the laws.

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    Truman, who had shown little concern for Civil Rights in previous years, was forced to reassess his convictions as President. In late 1946 Truman hosted a delegation of civil rights activists who urged the president to issue a statement condemning the Ku Klux Klan and lynching.

  2. The Disadvantages that Black Americans faced in the early 1950's.

    This clearly indicated that Dr King was reaching the highest levels of U.S government. On his return to the United States he resigned from his pastoral duties to concentrate on Civil rights full-time. He moved to Atlanta to direct the SCLC.

  1. Civil Rights Coursework Sources Questions

    President Kennedy was reluctant to pass the Civil Rights Act because this would put him out of favour with the voters in the South. He did not want to lose such a large amount of his supporters. Eventually, civil rights activists became frustrated; freedom riders and marches were no longer getting noticed.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    when such things that should have been taken for granted, as honesty and integrity were regarded as marks of distinction. * The Internal Revenue Service began their own investigation into Nixon and found that between 1969 and 1972, Nixon had only paid �100.00 in income tax.

  1. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    In 1955 a black woman called Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, as she had refused her seat at the front of the bus to a white man. The night after this 50 black people joined together to discuss what happened.

  2. The importance of Lyndon Johnson in bringing about Civil Rights.

    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a crowded bus, for which she was arrested. After this, Martin Luther King organised a boycott of the buses, which he felt was the most effective course of action.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work