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Britain and the First World War

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Introduction

Britain and the First World War There are many linked reasons as why there was an allied victory over Germany in 1918. I have studied five main reasons, and I am going to explain their importance, and at the end, try to find out if any has more over the others, and explain how they are interlinked. The first reason is the introduction of the tank. The tank was a British invention, first used in the Battle of the Somme. At the start, the tanks were used to crush barbed wire, and to spray the enemy with machine gun fire. They caused panic and alarm among the Germans, and then raised the morale of the British, as they were portrayed as a great new weapon. There were, sadly, downsides to the tank, such as they only moved at walking pace, they were hard to manoeuvre, and they broke down easily. At the Third Battle of Ypres, they sunk in the swampy conditions. In 1918, they were used with great success, as they were sped up, and more solid, and they were then used to push the Germans back when they invaded France, during the German Offensive. ...read more.

Middle

Thirdly, the failure of the German Offensive. In 1918, Germany transferred many troops from the Eastern to the Western Front, due to Russia leaving the War. The Germans had the idea to use their specially trained 'Storm Troops', so that the Allies couldn't use all of their soldiers together in one place. The first attack was very successful, with the Germans claiming 64km of land, and coming very close to Paris. Although the Offensive worked very well to start with, the Germans couldn't keep up their success. Many soldiers died, and couldn't be replaced, as Germany had no replacement troops. Their supplies were drained as well, because of the blockades that the British had set up. They stopped the Germans getting any supplies or resources. I believe the failure of the Offensive played a large and important part in the Allied Victory. This is because the Germans had lost 400,000 men, and they couldn't replace them, and also, it broke the stalemate. Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire were defeated, so Germany ended up fighting alone. The Allies benefited well from the failure, so I believe it played a great part. Fourthly, the failure of the Schlieffen Plan. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany ended up fighting a one-front-war, but it was against three very powerful countries - Britain, France and the USA. Overall, I believe it is very hard to find one reason that had importance over the others, as they are all very interlinked. If one hadn't happened, some of the other's wouldn't have followed in its wake. In my opinion, the USA played the most crucial part, although, this wouldn't have happened if it hadn't been linked closely with the other reasons. For example, the Failure of the Ludendorff Offensive meant that Russia left the War, leaving room for the USA to replace them. Also, if the British weren't so supreme at sea, it would have been unlikely that the Germans would have started the 'Unrestricted Submarine Warfare' campaign; therefore they probably would not have killed the innocent US citizens, thus not provoking the USA. The German Offensive probably would have worked if the tanks hadn't helped push the Germans back so far, so if the tanks hadn't been used, then technically the Allies might not have won the war. For these reasons, I believe it is very hard to choose one reason that had importance over the others. ...read more.

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