• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Castles, the key to power in Medieval England

Extracts from this document...


For hundreds of years in the Middle Ages, powerful and important people believed in castles. These people believed in castles because it was the key to power, importance and triumph over the land. Before the Normans invaded England in 1066, the battle of Hastings, there were very few castles in England and its areas. By the end of Williams reign the number of castles had increased extremely rapidly. The Battle of Hastings was a very treasured part of history then, and still is today. It holds key sources of vital evidence that we rely on today to find out how people lived, worked and played in the Medieval period. We honour it because of the Normans. The French bought castles into England, created competition, battles and civil wars between different parts of the country. A primary source of evidence, one of the finest sources of evidence in the Middle Ages is the Bayeux Tapestry. Hand sewn by the Norman ladies. We value it because it shows the Normans doing things at the time it was manufactured, or this is what was said. ...read more.


There were just a couple that had a stone keep. The finest example of one of these is the White Tower in London which was built for William 1st . William's tower is more of a palace than a tower with main rooms on top of each other. The fine architect and decoration resembles the kings power and importance. Over the years castles and various points have steadily changed and improved. The castles defences, materials and general designs have changed and varied at a higher standard than the other castles points. THE CASTLE IN WAR Before settling down for a long siege, the commander may try to brike the garrison to let him in or poison the water supply. The commanders troops would surround the castle, burn down the huts of the local residents and cut off all the castles supply lines. Wagons pulled by oxen would contain different parts of siege weapons, bring them up nearer to the castle walls and the troops would assemble them. A Herald sent out from the castle may come and discuss the rules and terms of fighting. ...read more.


THE END OF GREAT CASTLES By the end of the Medieval Era, it was very rare for more castles to be built. Lords and Ladies may decorate their houses with towers and battlements in the style of a castle, but it was just for show. Many houses designed for noble people after 1400 looked very unlike Medieval castles. They had large windows, wide gateways, but no strong stone surrounding walls or defences. A reason why castle buildings stopped is because castles were no longer needed as fortresses. There were still battles, but they were being fought by soldiers in pitch battles. In most of Europe, Kings and important people had no need of castles strongholds from which to frighten enemy territory. Grand people and Lords now spent most of their time in lively conversation about music, literature or art, discussing law and politics rather than fighting one another. Most important of all castles were not hardwearing enough to withstand attack from new weapons, especially the new improved cannon. But when castle walls began to shatter and crumble under cannon fire, there was no point in sheltering behind them. The age of great castles had come to an end. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    bridge has been taken out and has been replaced with a normal open bridge leading directly in to the castle, this bridge is at ground level, these new features of the bridge would have made it very easy for attackers to get in and attack the castle.

  2. How useful is a visit to the Tudor parts of Hampton Court to find ...

    he may have rebuilt it or just kept it how Sir Giles Daubeney had, had it. Wolsey would have used the Great Hall for both eating and playing with his servants. Then in 1528 when Henry took over the palace he began building a much larger palace and adding many more rooms including the kitchens and the great hall.

  1. The Valley of the Kings

    TOURISM When tourists disgorge into The Valley, a sense of eternity prevail the site (Oakes, L 2001).

  2. How far is it possible to say when Wollaton hall was built?

    Willoughby had an embarrassing and expensive separation from his wife that involved the queen ordering him to end his bitter public arguments. His moneymaking scheme to sell dye and Wollaton coal failed to earn money. He had to pay for the dowries (marriage gifts of money) of his three daughters.

  1. To what extent did the Vikings deserve this bad press? How would you characterise ...

    These primarily include the extensive destruction of towns throughout Europe, the extremely high numbers of murders that occurred as a result of the numerous attacks and the mass theft of countless valuables from all over Europe, all of which disrupted the contributed to the period known as 'the dark ages',

  2. Battle of Hastings

    Harold was a good leader too, positioning his men on top of Senlac hill and engaging the shield ready for William's army to attack, but William did leave his archers

  1. How useful is visible evidence in explaining the development of power at Styal Mill ...

    So this document also confirms that the first power source at the mill was indeed waterpower. How useful is visible evidence? It's useful to a certain extent. For example, it shows the main sources of power. Water wheels, sleuce gates and a weir show us that waterpower was present and used therefore it was useful.

  2. My main question is : How did Mussolini rise to power in ...

    In the Parliament hall there were a lot of Fascists Armed Thugs watching the votings, they could tell exactly who voted for or against the law. The warning was clear, if you voted for the law you was fine. If you did not, you were assuredly in danger.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work