• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Castles, the key to power in Medieval England

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

For hundreds of years in the Middle Ages, powerful and important people believed in castles. These people believed in castles because it was the key to power, importance and triumph over the land. Before the Normans invaded England in 1066, the battle of Hastings, there were very few castles in England and its areas. By the end of Williams reign the number of castles had increased extremely rapidly. The Battle of Hastings was a very treasured part of history then, and still is today. It holds key sources of vital evidence that we rely on today to find out how people lived, worked and played in the Medieval period. We honour it because of the Normans. The French bought castles into England, created competition, battles and civil wars between different parts of the country. A primary source of evidence, one of the finest sources of evidence in the Middle Ages is the Bayeux Tapestry. Hand sewn by the Norman ladies. We value it because it shows the Normans doing things at the time it was manufactured, or this is what was said. ...read more.

Middle

There were just a couple that had a stone keep. The finest example of one of these is the White Tower in London which was built for William 1st . William's tower is more of a palace than a tower with main rooms on top of each other. The fine architect and decoration resembles the kings power and importance. Over the years castles and various points have steadily changed and improved. The castles defences, materials and general designs have changed and varied at a higher standard than the other castles points. THE CASTLE IN WAR Before settling down for a long siege, the commander may try to brike the garrison to let him in or poison the water supply. The commanders troops would surround the castle, burn down the huts of the local residents and cut off all the castles supply lines. Wagons pulled by oxen would contain different parts of siege weapons, bring them up nearer to the castle walls and the troops would assemble them. A Herald sent out from the castle may come and discuss the rules and terms of fighting. ...read more.

Conclusion

THE END OF GREAT CASTLES By the end of the Medieval Era, it was very rare for more castles to be built. Lords and Ladies may decorate their houses with towers and battlements in the style of a castle, but it was just for show. Many houses designed for noble people after 1400 looked very unlike Medieval castles. They had large windows, wide gateways, but no strong stone surrounding walls or defences. A reason why castle buildings stopped is because castles were no longer needed as fortresses. There were still battles, but they were being fought by soldiers in pitch battles. In most of Europe, Kings and important people had no need of castles strongholds from which to frighten enemy territory. Grand people and Lords now spent most of their time in lively conversation about music, literature or art, discussing law and politics rather than fighting one another. Most important of all castles were not hardwearing enough to withstand attack from new weapons, especially the new improved cannon. But when castle walls began to shatter and crumble under cannon fire, there was no point in sheltering behind them. The age of great castles had come to an end. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. How far does the site of Warwick Castle and the supporting sources help you ...

    an engraving which are very difficult to draw and can not be fully accurate. The second engraving was done by Holler in 1652. The difference with this source however is that it dates back to before the first source. Even though there is this time gap, we can see the similarities between the two.

  2. To what extent did the Vikings deserve this bad press? How would you characterise ...

    These prominent negative consequences of the Viking attacks throughout the early middle ages are typically what history remembers the Scandinavian invaders for, due to the seemingly shocking nature of their brutal tactics, and the extent to which they used them successfully throughout Europe.

  1. History - Castles Coursework

    After Mortimer's tower we moved in to the keep. The keep was made from large blocks of stone. The main defensive feature if the keep was the drawbridge that looked as if it used to be on the first floor which would have made it hard to attack, there are many arrow loops facing the front of the keep.

  2. My main question is : How did Mussolini rise to power in ...

    In the Parliament hall there were a lot of Fascists Armed Thugs watching the votings, they could tell exactly who voted for or against the law. The warning was clear, if you voted for the law you was fine. If you did not, you were assuredly in danger.

  1. 'Bodiam Castle shows today more than any document, the way in which castle buildings ...

    This is useful in knowing about castles from this specific time period. However, the written documents give us a broader sense of the development of castles over many years, and some information about what changes took place and why. In the interior of Bodiam Castle, there are the remains of many features that appear not to be created for defence.

  2. Was Oystermouth Castle typical of the castles built in Wales during the middle Ages?

    And motte and bailey castles were mainly built out of wood, which was its weakness, as it could easily be destroyed by fire. Also it had been under attack three times, twice burned, which explains why the castles building process was a slow one.

  1. History question 2 pickering castle

    Another advantage was that the extra height meant it was a good vantage point for the defenders to see anything that could threaten the castle from miles off. It was built on a limestone bluff, which made it difficult to attack by undermining as getting through solid limestone without being seen would have been very difficult.

  2. Like most castles in the South of England, all of the changes at Portchester ...

    This was an example of a Saxon Shore Fort. These were a series of stone-built forts along the southeast coast of England. The forts were created in response to repeated raids by Saxon enemies. At the same time people were progressing on Porchester, Pevensy fort was going thought the Same processors for the same reasons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work