• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jonny King Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 Before the war started, economically, Russia started to improve. In the late nineteenth century Russia experienced a great spurt in industrial production, as the government feared that Russia would no longer be a great power in the world if they let their industry slide. Coal Production in Russia rose from 3.2 million tons to 35.4 million tons between 1880 and 1913. This growth in industry created many jobs, and the unemployed now looked to the big cities in search for work, where they could be taken on board and become a factory worker. Stolypin was one of the main figures behind the plans for a more industrious Russia, and one of his main strategies was to reform agriculture. In 1906 he allowed peasants to leave the mir (the village commune), he hoped that if peasants left the mir they would buy land around the mir and create modern farms which would produce far more food per acre, creating a more efficient way of producing money and food. ...read more.

Middle

The 1st World War had great effects on various people. The people of Russia suffered a dreadful time during the war. Because 15 million men got called up to the army, there was only a very small amount of people to work in the factories and on the farms, so there became shortages of raw materials. In 1914 there were 22 000 wagons of grain reaching Moscow in 1913, by 1917 in the middle of the war only 700 wagons were reaching the capital. Railways were being used to transport military equipment so the transportation of food was not a priority and many people started to starve. Inflation started to occur around Russia and the people of Russia had to face a few very tough years. The Russian army that was gathered together for the war was very poorly trained and to make matters worse it was commanded by officers chosen to lead the army not because that they were good soldiers but because they were nobles. ...read more.

Conclusion

A couple of days later 40 000 workers were on strike and the factory eventually closed down. More and more strikes started to occur around Russia and there were clashes breaking out between the workers and the army. On the 12th of March Soldiers in Petrograd refused to fire on the peasants and joined them instead! This was a very decisive move by the soldiers because the Tsar and the government had no one to fight for them now and the Tsar abdicated and then got arrested. If the soldiers would have kept loyal things may have turned out different for the Tsar. I believe that the War was the final straw for the Tsar; his humiliating struggles during the war highlighted his weaknesses as the leader of Russia and led to his downfall. However I believe that if the war had not occurred then there may have still been a revolution because tension was at such a peak, tension was caused by a series of mistakes made by the Tsar (such as the decision to become personal commander etc.) and I believe the war sparked off a chain of events which eventually led to the revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What Were The Causes Of The 1905 Russian Revolution? How Successful Was This Revolution?

    Anyone could see that all of these classes were leading towards demonstrations, protests and strikes. The Tsar caused much trouble and produced many alterations in the Russian world.

  2. The Causes of the October Revolution

    In the short term the Kournilov coup hardened the resolve of the Bolsheviks as it was shown that a right wing revolution was still possible but after the failure of the provisional government this seemed very unlikely. Also the failure of the July offensive led by Kerensky was the final

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    All they wanted was to own enough land to farm and live on and they were not getting it. As the population increased, more and more peasants competed for the land available. It was not just the peasants who were suffering.

  2. What were the Causes of the October Revolution in Russia, 1917?

    The provisional Government also failed in dealing with the rising, they never really attempted properly to sort it out. A lot of the Bolshevicks' supporters were from Petrograd and Moscow which were key places in the revolution. These successes of the Bolshevicks and the failures of the Provisional Government were

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    came into being, it was controlled without sympathies for the workers in mind; was a matter of chance, or due to past events; but it would have been quite easy for the members of the provisional government to decide to appease the working class in order to win widespread support.

  2. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    So , if engineers had altered their sewers earlier , their may have not been several cases for the physician . In addition to this , if the disease had been controlled through the source of the problem , it may have given physicians a chance to develop on their

  1. What were the causes of the March 1917 Revolution?

    This increased poverty amongst the peasants and when prices began rising even higher, they couldn't keep up. Transport throughout the country was also still very behind compared to the rest of the world. It the 1900s it was said that Russia had the same amount of railway lines as Britain.

  2. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    Sergi Witte managed to build a Trans-Siberian railway, but although it was a step in industrialising Russia it was a poor one. The Railway only went form east to west, this was the reason why soldiers were unable to get to the front line and fight and it was also

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work