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Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917.

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Introduction

Jonny King Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 Before the war started, economically, Russia started to improve. In the late nineteenth century Russia experienced a great spurt in industrial production, as the government feared that Russia would no longer be a great power in the world if they let their industry slide. Coal Production in Russia rose from 3.2 million tons to 35.4 million tons between 1880 and 1913. This growth in industry created many jobs, and the unemployed now looked to the big cities in search for work, where they could be taken on board and become a factory worker. Stolypin was one of the main figures behind the plans for a more industrious Russia, and one of his main strategies was to reform agriculture. In 1906 he allowed peasants to leave the mir (the village commune), he hoped that if peasants left the mir they would buy land around the mir and create modern farms which would produce far more food per acre, creating a more efficient way of producing money and food. ...read more.

Middle

The 1st World War had great effects on various people. The people of Russia suffered a dreadful time during the war. Because 15 million men got called up to the army, there was only a very small amount of people to work in the factories and on the farms, so there became shortages of raw materials. In 1914 there were 22 000 wagons of grain reaching Moscow in 1913, by 1917 in the middle of the war only 700 wagons were reaching the capital. Railways were being used to transport military equipment so the transportation of food was not a priority and many people started to starve. Inflation started to occur around Russia and the people of Russia had to face a few very tough years. The Russian army that was gathered together for the war was very poorly trained and to make matters worse it was commanded by officers chosen to lead the army not because that they were good soldiers but because they were nobles. ...read more.

Conclusion

A couple of days later 40 000 workers were on strike and the factory eventually closed down. More and more strikes started to occur around Russia and there were clashes breaking out between the workers and the army. On the 12th of March Soldiers in Petrograd refused to fire on the peasants and joined them instead! This was a very decisive move by the soldiers because the Tsar and the government had no one to fight for them now and the Tsar abdicated and then got arrested. If the soldiers would have kept loyal things may have turned out different for the Tsar. I believe that the War was the final straw for the Tsar; his humiliating struggles during the war highlighted his weaknesses as the leader of Russia and led to his downfall. However I believe that if the war had not occurred then there may have still been a revolution because tension was at such a peak, tension was caused by a series of mistakes made by the Tsar (such as the decision to become personal commander etc.) and I believe the war sparked off a chain of events which eventually led to the revolution. ...read more.

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