• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917.

Extracts from this document...


Jonny King Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 Before the war started, economically, Russia started to improve. In the late nineteenth century Russia experienced a great spurt in industrial production, as the government feared that Russia would no longer be a great power in the world if they let their industry slide. Coal Production in Russia rose from 3.2 million tons to 35.4 million tons between 1880 and 1913. This growth in industry created many jobs, and the unemployed now looked to the big cities in search for work, where they could be taken on board and become a factory worker. Stolypin was one of the main figures behind the plans for a more industrious Russia, and one of his main strategies was to reform agriculture. In 1906 he allowed peasants to leave the mir (the village commune), he hoped that if peasants left the mir they would buy land around the mir and create modern farms which would produce far more food per acre, creating a more efficient way of producing money and food. ...read more.


The 1st World War had great effects on various people. The people of Russia suffered a dreadful time during the war. Because 15 million men got called up to the army, there was only a very small amount of people to work in the factories and on the farms, so there became shortages of raw materials. In 1914 there were 22 000 wagons of grain reaching Moscow in 1913, by 1917 in the middle of the war only 700 wagons were reaching the capital. Railways were being used to transport military equipment so the transportation of food was not a priority and many people started to starve. Inflation started to occur around Russia and the people of Russia had to face a few very tough years. The Russian army that was gathered together for the war was very poorly trained and to make matters worse it was commanded by officers chosen to lead the army not because that they were good soldiers but because they were nobles. ...read more.


A couple of days later 40 000 workers were on strike and the factory eventually closed down. More and more strikes started to occur around Russia and there were clashes breaking out between the workers and the army. On the 12th of March Soldiers in Petrograd refused to fire on the peasants and joined them instead! This was a very decisive move by the soldiers because the Tsar and the government had no one to fight for them now and the Tsar abdicated and then got arrested. If the soldiers would have kept loyal things may have turned out different for the Tsar. I believe that the War was the final straw for the Tsar; his humiliating struggles during the war highlighted his weaknesses as the leader of Russia and led to his downfall. However I believe that if the war had not occurred then there may have still been a revolution because tension was at such a peak, tension was caused by a series of mistakes made by the Tsar (such as the decision to become personal commander etc.) and I believe the war sparked off a chain of events which eventually led to the revolution. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. What were the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917?

    All they wanted was to own enough land to farm and live on and they were not getting it. As the population increased, more and more peasants competed for the land available. It was not just the peasants who were suffering.

  2. The Causes of the October Revolution

    In the short term the Kournilov coup hardened the resolve of the Bolsheviks as it was shown that a right wing revolution was still possible but after the failure of the provisional government this seemed very unlikely. Also the failure of the July offensive led by Kerensky was the final

  1. How did living conditions change in towns as a result of the Industrial Revolution ...

    He also wrote reports on the benefits of quarantine and hygiene improvements. The Poor Law Commission had drawn conclusions during 1834 that there had to be a means of solving the hygiene problems that often kept occurring . Them , in conjunction with the Health Towns Association had put the Public Health Acts into action during 1848 .

  2. Long and short-term causes contributed to the March 1917 Revolution.

    The social structure of Russia was also a long-term cause, and was brought about by the misrule of the Romanov house. The Romanov rulers were autocratic, which meant they had absolute power. The social structure of Russia had been this way for hundreds of years, but as other countries changed

  1. What were the Causes of the October Revolution in Russia, 1917?

    the parties who needed their support and if they lost it they were nothing. Gradually different social groups were getting discontent with the situation of the P.G. and wanted a change. The Bolshevicks could have provided this change if they got the support that they needed.

  2. To what extent in the period 1906-1914 did the Russian monarchy succeed in removing ...

    peasants, and 125,000 urban workers to elect one member of the Duma. These changes to the Duma alienated many liberals by breaking constitution and resulted in only 3.5 million (2.5 % of the population) voting in 1907. These alterations caused more internal tension because the Tsar continued to promise the

  1. What Were The Causes Of The 1905 Russian Revolution? How Successful Was This Revolution?

    In its climate, they had bitter cold winters and due to frost and other severe climate problems, things such as transport, communications and industrial development. Transport was so difficult as it could not be possible on sea, because the sea could become o cold, the sea would literally freeze.

  2. Examine the importance of Russian weaknesses in WW1 in explaining the start of Revolution ...

    It also caused food shortages because their weren't as many peasants producing food and their were too many people living in the town it was hard to supply food for them all. Having so many people living in an overcrowded city was a bad move because people were able to talk to each other and plan and organise a revolution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work