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Causes of World War One

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Why was there a world war? Introduction World War 1 was a major conflict between July 28th 1914 and November 11th 1918. Nations from across Europe and the world such as Russia, Britain, France, Germany and Austria -Hungary were involved. From this war there was a death of over eight million people. The heir to the throne, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Serbian national. This event was to kick off the First World War, but was only a trigger in why it came about. Causes of the war also dealt with Nationalism, Imperialism, and militarism along with the prominent alliance systems in Europe all strongly affected the outbreak of the war. Alliances Prior to 1914, the nations of Europe had been making alliances for twenty years. It was thought the alliances would bring peace and were needed when a country believed that the enemy is too strong for them, so they would call upon their allies for aid. ...read more.


The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation that helped push the world into World War I. Another cause for the World War was that European nations ruled smaller countries called colonies. Each country that owned these colonies and some others competed for them. France and Britain owned a lot of colonies in Africa and Asia. Germany and Italy decided they wanted to own some colonies too; this also helped start the First World War. Countries wanted to expand their empires, so they fought for more land. Militarism As the world entered the 20th century, an arms race had begun. By 1914, Germany had the greatest increase in military build-up. Great Britain and Germany both greatly increased their navies in this time period. Further, in Germany and Russia particularly, the military establishment began to have a greater influence on public policy. This increase in militarism helped push the countries involved to war. ...read more.


France was still mad over the loss of Alsace and Lorraine. Russia regarded itself as the protector of Europe's Slavic people. Serbia is an independent nation, many Serbs lived in Austria-Hungary. Russia was the enemy of Austria-Hungary. Various ethnic groups resented domination and hoped to create nation of own Conclusion There were many reasons why world war broke out. Although an alliance had been put in place, it did not help matters. This is because instead of only two countries at war, other countries became involved. Nationalism also had an effect because each country tried to prove their dominance and power and there was a lot of competition between countries to have the best armies. Imperialism also affected the world war as many countries wanted to expand their empires, so they started to compete for colonies. Militarism was mainly to do with jealousy, as if one country increases their armies and navy, the other countries have to do so to, and this became a vicious circle. All of these long term causes provoked the war in some way or another, and competitiveness and jealously played a huge role. By Scarlett Lamoureux 9.2 ...read more.

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