• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes of WW1

Extracts from this document...


Causes of the First World War World war one was one of the most brutal, deadliest wars known to man. The spark of the Great War was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. From 1914-1918 Europe was in war and at the end of it all there were 8-9 million deaths. There were many long term and short term causes which started the war. Nationalism was one of the most important long term causes of the first world war. Many countries wanted to show how great their nation was like the newly-formed Germany. Morocco was one of the countries that was most disputed about between France and Germany. Germany wanted to stir up trouble for the French so they had problems in taking over Morocco. But Germany found out that the French were taking over Morocco and that Britain would back up France. Another country that many countries wanted to control parts of was the Balkans. The Balkans had been ruled by the Turkish Ottoman Empire, but it was in decline. ...read more.


The last long term cause of the first world war was alliances. This was how many countries got dragged into the war. There were two alliances, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. The Triple Alliance was made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. The Triple Entente was made up of France, Britain and Russia. These countries had an agreement to help each other in times of war so each country had the backing of another. These alliances made the countries feel safer but actually made the world more dangerous as each country knew that if one of them struck then the war would begin. These long term causes created an atmosphere of tension. The short term cause that triggered the war was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a terrorist group of Serbs called the 'Black Hand' group as they disliked Austrian rule. A country called Serbia was blamed by Austria for this murder. Serbia was near to Bosnia and it had encouraged the Black Hand Gang and given the gang weapons. ...read more.


But it had one problem. It relied on what the French or Russians did and the actions of one would provoke a German response and not the other way round. In other words, the Germans had to react to a situation as opposed to controlling it. When the French called up her army, the Germans had no choice but to carry out the Schlieffen Plan - it had to. This plan involved an attack on France via Belgium which is flat land. For the Schlieffen Plan to be successful, they had to invade France quickly. The last short term cause was the Treaty of London between Belgium and Great Britain. G.B. had an agreement with Belgium to protect it since 1839. Germany did not think G.B. would obey this old treaty. But G.B. was also worried that if they do not join, Germany would beat France and be very powerful. This was how Belgium and G.B. got dragged into the war. Now it was Germany and Austria-Hungary vs Serbia, Russia, France, Belgium and GB. But Germany still invaded France through Belgium and the war started and raged on until 1918. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Describe the short term causes of WW1.

    Russia also took a huge part in the Balkans, even though it was only for one reason, which was very important to them. Russia used the southern port Sebastopol, which was controlled by Turkey and was unreliable, as they could be cut off at any time, so they decided to

  2. What where the causes of WW1

    attach themselves to Serbia and create an independent state to be known as Yugoslavia, or 'The Land of the South Slavs.' This was seen as the reason for the assassination of Ferdinand and his wife. The assassination gave Austria-Hungary the ideal excuse to declare war against Serbia.

  1. Long term Causes of World War 1

    because of the alliances. Once one empire declared war on another, its allies got drawn in as well when the opposing nations declared war on them, leading to the "great war" There were 7 causes of WW 1 There were seven causes of world war one.

  2. World War 1 - long and short term causes of the war.

    He began to take advantage of his power and therefore, Germany changed in many ways. > The Arms Race & The New Kaiser- Germany (Wilhelm II) wanted everything his way. So, he influenced and led the Arms Race, which also was another reason for war.

  1. Cause Behind WW1

    which translated means "Sophie Dearest, don't die, stay alive for our children!" to which his voice became a slow rattle, he finally died after repeating those words six or seven times. The unfortunate and saddening fact of this incident, the Archduke was not the intended target, General Potiorek was the

  2. Questions on World War One.

    Those Powers which were already established resented what they saw as the reckless and threatening assertion of German power: there was rivalry with Britain, particular over naval policy; Alsace-Lorraine and Morocco soured Franco-German relations, while Germany's claim to influence in the Near East aroused strong Russian apprehensions.

  1. Describe the Causes of WW1

    to Germany was that she had two huge armies on either side of her borders. Therefore, it was not a good move by Germany to provoke trouble in Europe - that what was the Triple Entente hoping to do by sending this 'message' to Germany.

  2. Outline the Role and Effects of Alliances in WW1

    Consequently Britain also began expanding and built the HMS Dreadnought, a revolutionary ship at the time. This competition for the finest weaponry was triggered by the Alliances. It was billed the Arms race and worsened tensions between Britain and Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work