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conflict in northern ireland

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Introduction

Has history had an impact on the way the present situation today is in Northern Ireland? I feel that history has had an impact on the way the present situation is today in Northern Ireland For centuries there has been conflict in Northern Ireland. The disagreement between Irish Catholics and the Irish Protestants still continues to this day. In this assessment I am going to examine Civil Rights, the IRA, and the great famine. Firstly before 1960 Catholics pursued peaceful methods, inspired by The American Civil Rights Movement, the Northern Ireland civil rights association began. From 1920 through to 1960 Catholics had campaigned for fairer conditions and had expected change to come through the ballot box (they did not know that their votes had been ignored). The Police in Northern Ireland were 99.9% Protestant and extremely biased and violent towards Catholics, they would attack innocent Catholics for no reason whatsoever. ...read more.

Middle

As tensions grew, segregation became more likely. In cities like Londonderry and Belfast, "many people who lived in the 'wrong' area - that is Catholics in Protestant areas and vice versa - were forced to leave their homes." In these circumstances it was much easier for battle lines to be drawn. Both Irish Catholics and Protestants were affected very seriously; the economic depression lasted 20 years. Irish Catholics faced another problem, when it came round to election time, most Catholics would probably vote a Catholic representative to speak on behalf of the Catholic people, however, Protestants 'fixed' the elections to favour the Protestants, it was made sure that no Catholics could be voted into Parliament to speak up for their fellow people. This was known as 'Gerrymandering', the process by which constituency boundaries were redrawn to favour the Protestant population. The Unionists controlled the Catholic areas, this was a huge disadvantage to the Catholic people, they had no political power. ...read more.

Conclusion

The cause of the famine was a fungus disease which made the potato plants to rot in the ground. The blight first destroyed crops on the eastern seaboard of America in 1842, then appeared in England in the summer of 1845. In September, the counties of Wexford and Waterford reported the disease. More than half the Irish potato crop failed in 1845. In the time that this disease was spreading, many Irish People were starving and by this time either on the verge of death or already had starved to death. However for Catholics families as such who were peasant farmers who would be surving without food, however not being able to pay the rent because there crops had been destroyed would have been evicted from there house. On the other hand however the protestant families who couldn't afford to pay the rent wouldn't of been evicted from there households. This will be today looked upon as being a disadvantage on the catholic religion and unfairness towards them. ...read more.

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