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Critically Assess 3 Causes of World War 1

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Introduction

Critically Assess 3 Causes of World War 1 Nationalism is being a strong supporter of the rights and interests of one's country. It was very high in the 19th century and nations which had not obtained independence by 1900 were determined to do so as it gave groups of subject peoples the idea of forming independent nations of their own. In 1815, the Congress of Vienna took place. This was a conference held in Vienna in Austria between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe. This conference left people under the control of local dynasts or other nations and ignored nationalism in favour of preserving the peace, however, revolutions and strong nationalistic movements during the late 19th century dissolved the anti-nationalistic work of the Congress of Vienna and led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and Germany in 1871 after they were left as divided states by the Congress. Nationalism was the most imposing cause of war in the late 19th and early 20th century as it caused a problem ultimately due to the fact that a nation's goals came into conflict with the goals of other nations. An example of this would be Serbian nationalism. Serbia led a movement to unite the regions of Slavs. ...read more.

Middle

By 1905, 84 percent of Serbia's exports were going to Austria-Hungary and 53 percent of Serbia's imports were from Austria-Hungary. However, when they were at war Austria blocked Serbian pigs from entering ports on the excuse that they carried diseases. This gave the Austro-Serbian war the alternate name of the "Pig War". Austro-Serbian relations continued to deteriorate over Bosnia as well. Anti-Habsburg secret societies were popular among Bosnian Serbs and upon that "The Black Hand" came to. This was an extremely dangerous Serbian nationalist society. "The Black Hand" was willing to sponsor all kinds of anti-Habsburg mischief in Bosnia and in the end supplied the weapons used in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914. Nationalism also led on to another cause of the war. It led European countries to compete for the largest army and navy or the greatest industrial development. This is known as militarism and this led onto the Arms Race. Militarism is when the army and military forces are given high profile by the government and it was a deciding factor in the outbreak of world war one even though it came as an outcome of nationalism. Military expansionist policies helped facilitate the commencement of war and helped make it a global event as many countries became intimidated by Germany's extensive militaristic goals. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was in this year that the triple alliance broke down completely when Italy refused to enter war on the side of her allies, the excuse being that she saw no aggressive act had taken place against Austria-Hungary. The Triple Alliance and Triple Entente caused a build up of international tensions due to the division of Europe into two armed camps and they also caused more and more countries to be dragged into the war making it a world war. Nationalism, militarism and alliances were all major causes of world war one and each of the factors led onto the next. Nationalism is probably the most imposing cause of tension leading onto the war and caused a problem ultimately due to the fact that one nation's goals came into conflict with the goals of other nations. Militarism was encouraged by nationalism and was a deciding factor in the outbreak of war as many countries felt the need to follow Germany's vigorous militaristic expansionist policies out of pride and intimidation. This fear of Germany led on to alliances being formed which ended up leading more countries into war than there may have been originally. Therefore, all three of the mentioned causes were equally responsible for causing World War One. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jade Okba IB1 History Teacher: John Marrill ...read more.

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