• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cuban missile crisis.

Extracts from this document...


Cuban Missile Crisis Coursework 1. What can you learn from this source about President Kennedy's reaction to the photographs taken by the U-2 spy plane? This source tells us a good deal about Kennedy's reaction to the photographs, firstly because of the obvious urgency and importance of the photographs, as Kennedy calls his brother and adviser Robert at the earliest time possible, and requests his personal presence. This in itself demonstrates how important Kennedy believes the matter to be. Kennedy is obviously nervous about the situation, and was feeling extremely vulnerable as the missiles were so close (on Cuba) to the USA - 'he said that we were facing great trouble.' This shows how serious he believed the situation to be. He was also convinced that the Soviet Union was behind the missiles, and shows an obvious resentment and paranoia of the Russians. Kennedy is sure that something is going on; 'he was convinced that Russia was placing missiles and atomic weapons on Cuba.' He wants to resolve the situation as soon as possible and wants to start formulating a plan as soon as he can. This is why he calls his adviser so early. 2. Use the sources, and your own knowledge to explain why Kennedy decided to blockade Cuba. ...read more.


It does however explain some reasons for the crisis, primarily Cuban nuclear capability, and this is the general reason behind the crisis, so it does have some value. The second source is from the memoirs of Gromyko, the Soviet foreign minister at the time of the crisis. This was published in 1989. This is significant, as it is after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Russian President Gorbachev followed a policy of Glasnost (openness) so therefore Gromyko could speak the truth without state intervention. He would not gain anything from lying about the affair, so it is likely that his evidence is correct. The source is from a conversation between Gromyko and Kennedy, Gromyko points out that the Americans have "conducted an unrestrained anti-Cuban propaganda campaign" and that "this course can lead to serious consequences for the whole of mankind." Kennedy comes back with a selfish, imperialistic remark about the present regime in Cuba not suiting the USA, and Gromyko asks the President why the Americans think they should be in control of Cuba for it is a free country. This source is fairly useful as it shows the political conflict of the two superpowers over Cuba. It gives as an insight into the American stance, a petty, controlling view. ...read more.


I think both sources are accurate in their information, but neither is accurate about who won, as there is no clear winner in this situation. Both sources show extreme bias in favour of the nationality of the author. Khrushchev's source in particular is very pro-soviet. He makes out that his side won without the slightest doubt and that his foreign policy was triumphant. He gives himself and his side a great deal of credit for 'winning' the crisis. This is not the case, Khrushchev himself backed down and his own country lost faith in him. The Americans also thought they had come out of the missile crisis victorious, this is shown in source F. As the historian points out, after the crisis the US removed all its missiles from Turkey and Italy, and so both sides were equal in the aftermath. The real winner after the crisis was the world itself. After coming so close to nuclear war, both sides became much more hesitant with regard to nuclear weapons and as a result treaties were signed, such as the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Missiles were removed from Cuba, Italy and Turkey, making the world a much safer place, especially for Americans and Russians. Superpower rivalry diminished after the Cuban confrontation and a hot line was established allowing US and Soviet leaders to communicate easily. The Cuban Missile Crisis left behind a much safer world. Beau Bulman ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Suez Crisis

    On November 4th, there was a major demonstration held in London with against the military build-up. The demonstration was organised by the Labour Party and the most common banner on display was "Law Not War". The demonstration turned more unpleasant and the police were needed to stop the riot near 10, Downing Street.

  2. Which country is most responsible for the Cuban missile crisis?

    To make it more obvious of how much USA wanted to get rid of Castro, they performed mock invasions in an island to attack a fictitious dictator called Ortsac, which is Castro spelt backwards. They did this in hope of scaring Castro and showing him that they had the capability

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Causes and Consequences

    On July 5, Cuba saved itself by nationalizing all US businesses and commercial property. On the following day President Eisenhower cancelled the 700,000 tons of sugar remaining in Cuba's quota for 1960 and threatened that military action against Cuba is imminent.

  2. How Far Was Gorbachev Responsible For The End Of Soviet Union?

    It should be noted that Gorbachev was not completely isolated and powerless. He still made alliances with Yeltsin and the Urban Democrats. He was still also the leader of the CPSU, and the very fact he could still proceed to govern was testament to the strength of his position.

  1. Was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Relations between the Superpowers?

    In 1968 Richard M. Nixon (1913 - 1994) took over presidency from Johnson. He made an agreement with Brezhnev to limit the spread of 'strategic' nuclear weapons. The path in which these actions came in to play from was the '1972 strategic Arms Limitation Talks' otherwise known as SALT.

  2. How did the Red scare and McCarthyism become such a dominant force in the ...

    Its two main points were: 1. All communist organisations had to be registered with the US government 2. No communist could work in the defence industries or carry a US passport. Now the publics hate and fear of Communism, was being met by the Government, and the establishment of the McCarran act.

  1. The Cuban Missile Crisis: Was President Kennedy the Saviour of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    In 1961, Kennedy decided to do something about the situation in Cuba. He backed up a group of anti-communist Cubans to launch an attack on the south coast of Cuba in a place called the Bay of Pigs. The excuse that America used for attacking Cuba was because it posed an economic, political and military threat.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    the Cold War being over - unfortunately it did not survive the decade - Been suggested that there were 6 characteristics of D�tente 1) Break in the arms race - limits placed on the increase in weapons 2) Greater tolerance between the two of each other's political system 3)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work