• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the events of the Berlin Airlift between June 1948 and May 1949

Extracts from this document...


The Cold War Questions Describe the events of the Berlin Airlift between June 1948 and May 1949. 4 marks In 1945, the Allies decided to split Germany into four zones of occupation and the capital, Berlin, was also split into four zones. The USSR took huge reparations from its zone in eastern Germany, but Britain, France and America tried to improve conditions in their zones. In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country, West Germany and on 23 June 1948, they introduced a new currency, which they said would help trade. The next day, Stalin cut off all rail and road links to west Berlin as he believed that the whole of Berlin should belong to the Soviets. ...read more.


He also promised the West Berliners extra rations, and considerd attacking the planes, but he was afraid of the US nuclear weapons, so on 12 May 1949, Stalin abandoned the blockade. Source F illustrates an American cartoon, showing the Truman Doctrine choking Stalin. There is a pipe with the Soviet sybol of the hammer and the sickle on the front, and a cork with the words 'Truman's Doctrine', that has jammed itself into Stalin's pipe. The fact that the source is a American cartoon is significant, and it shows me that the US were aware that Stalin would be against and shocked at the idea of the US becoming more involved. I believe that the Truman Doctrine was among the main reasons for the start of the Cold War. ...read more.


The Doctrine also showed that the US were willing to be more involved in European affaires, as the idea of 'containment' was brought up in the Doctrine, and created tension between the USSR, as they wanted to spread their communist influence. Furthermore, Turkey was a neighbour of Greece and the USSR, and it controlled the Dardanelles and had come under attack from the Soviets. The again enhanced the hostility between the superpowers and helped contribute to the Cold War, as the USSR felt threatened, and it showed them that the USA was not going to revert to isolation, and that they would aim to stop the spread of communism throughout the world. Many Communists felt that this was a decleration of war against Communism, and so regarded as the start of the Cold War, however there are many other reasons that contributed to the final cause. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. The Cold War - major events. Revision notes.

    would win * USA policy was strange combination of determination and ignorance * Eisenhower and Dulles stood for the opinion that Stalin wants to make whole East Asia communism and if Vietnam would became communist, then Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Burma and even possibly India would become communist as well (Domino theory)

  2. Deng and the Gang of Four

    In the process, he brought a freedom and wave of democracy to the People's Republic, endowing the Chinese citizens with dreams of wealth and prosperity that were never even considered in the time of Mao. "It does not matter whether a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice."

  1. How did the Village of Deir Yassin come to be Fought Over in 1948 ...

    Both of the sources are secondary and so the information they use will be based on a mixture of inherited stories and Government reports at the time. However, as the sources were written after the event, tensions will have risen towards the opposing party, possibly making the source more inaccurate.

  2. Why and how did the Cold War develop until 1949?

    Stalin tried to justify this by saying the Soviet Union loss of men during the war were far greater than any other country and needed some friendly protection. But the Americans just thought that Stalin was building a massive Soviet Empire.

  1. Discuss the reasons why Germany was central to Cold War rivalry between 1945 and ...

    Problems between the USA and Russia started to occur when British and USA officials started to see the Russian controlled zone as a lost area. The Russians who had no hesitation to use the power of the Red Army to strike fear into anybody who was perhaps going to get

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    However, Eisenhower refused to apologise which led to Khrushchev walking out on the summit. Describe one reason why President Kennedy visited West Berlin in 1963 (2 marks) Kennedy visited West Berlin to make his famous speech ?Ich Bin Ein Berliner? (I am a Berliner).

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    Success was viewed as a victory of one over the other. Following the Soviet invasion of Afghanisatian, The US boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics; in 1984 at the height of the "Second Cold War" the USSR retaliated by boycotting the LA Olympics.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    22 October Kennedy?s TV address 24 October 18 Soviet Ships turned around to avoid confrontation with the US blockade. Kennedy promised the removal of missiles would prevent an invasion of Cuba. 26 October Khrushchev sent Kennedy a letter offering to remove the missiles if the blockade was removed and Cuba was safe.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work