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Describe the events of the Berlin Airlift between June 1948 and May 1949

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Introduction

The Cold War Questions Describe the events of the Berlin Airlift between June 1948 and May 1949. 4 marks In 1945, the Allies decided to split Germany into four zones of occupation and the capital, Berlin, was also split into four zones. The USSR took huge reparations from its zone in eastern Germany, but Britain, France and America tried to improve conditions in their zones. In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country, West Germany and on 23 June 1948, they introduced a new currency, which they said would help trade. The next day, Stalin cut off all rail and road links to west Berlin as he believed that the whole of Berlin should belong to the Soviets. ...read more.

Middle

He also promised the West Berliners extra rations, and considerd attacking the planes, but he was afraid of the US nuclear weapons, so on 12 May 1949, Stalin abandoned the blockade. Source F illustrates an American cartoon, showing the Truman Doctrine choking Stalin. There is a pipe with the Soviet sybol of the hammer and the sickle on the front, and a cork with the words 'Truman's Doctrine', that has jammed itself into Stalin's pipe. The fact that the source is a American cartoon is significant, and it shows me that the US were aware that Stalin would be against and shocked at the idea of the US becoming more involved. I believe that the Truman Doctrine was among the main reasons for the start of the Cold War. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Doctrine also showed that the US were willing to be more involved in European affaires, as the idea of 'containment' was brought up in the Doctrine, and created tension between the USSR, as they wanted to spread their communist influence. Furthermore, Turkey was a neighbour of Greece and the USSR, and it controlled the Dardanelles and had come under attack from the Soviets. The again enhanced the hostility between the superpowers and helped contribute to the Cold War, as the USSR felt threatened, and it showed them that the USA was not going to revert to isolation, and that they would aim to stop the spread of communism throughout the world. Many Communists felt that this was a decleration of war against Communism, and so regarded as the start of the Cold War, however there are many other reasons that contributed to the final cause. ...read more.

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