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Describe The Treatment of Black Africans in South Africa in the 1930's and 1940's

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Introduction

MINIVER OLIVER 10.2 SOUTH AFRICA COURSE WORK:ESSAY 1 "Describe The Treatment of Black Africans in South Africa in the 1930's and 1940's" In this essay I will be informing you on everything I know about the treatment of black South Africans in the 1930's and 1940's. I will be explaining how life was in the 1930's when they were under the Afrikaner government. I will be explaining how the second world war made them feel positive about their future and how things changed. I will also be giving you a little of information on the Atlantic Charter and how it also made people feel things were going to change. I will try to make my points clear so you can understand what I might have written. In the 1930's the blacks were under the Afrikaner government. At this time they were a lot of blacks in the cities and the Afrikaner hated it and the blacks. So since they were in power they had the lead to do anything. So they took this advantage and took the blacks to the reserves (a place where blacks were put to live, to be separated from the whites). They whites believed that blacks were culturally different from whites and that they were a country people and are supposed to live out in the villages or countryside's. ...read more.

Middle

He loosened the law that told blacks to carry a pass if they wanted to go into the city or anywhere, this pass was important to the whites because they didn't want blacks to mix with them. Smuts didn't do this because he finally realised that segregation was wrong, but because he was desperate, he needed people to work for him in the city because the white workers had gone to war. He was afraid the city would collapse and he would lose everything he had. The blacks were his only chance and hope. In the 1940s the ANC (African National Congress) revived under younger leaders who pressed for a more confrontational attitude against colour bars in South Africa. The ANC Youth League, founded in 1944, attracted such figures as Walter Sisulu(the active unionist), Oliver Tambo(he was a great organiser), Nelson Mandela(he was the most thoughtful of the group) and Anton Lembede(he was the heart of the group and also helped revive the ANC) , who in turn displaced the party's moderate leadership in 1949. Under their leadership the ANC began sponsoring non-violent protests, strikes, boycotts, and marches, in the process becoming a target of police harassment and arrest. By the end of World War II the ANC had begun strong campaigning against the pass laws; and, after the victory (1948) ...read more.

Conclusion

about their situation, they had the confidence of leaving the reserves for they knew it was their only chance to rebuild their lives back in the city (which they did). They hardly had anybody telling them what to do, where to go or when, they were basically free at this time so this made them look forward and say we made it and each day they felt stronger because they felt they had their lives back. The war was a turning point and a breakthrough because they regained their confidence and felt they could stand up for themselves because they knew the government was weak at this time. Even if they worked in mines it was all right because at the end of the day you would rather work they're than live in the deadly reserves. The war made them think of their heritage and encouraged them to be proud of their country, their culture, their colour and most important language. I also think that the ANC was quiet important because for once the blacks had someone they could look up to, to speak out for them and to protest for them. They also had some one they could count on to stand up for them, this brought them confidence because they thought if someone of our race can do it so can we. This revival was ready to give more valuable control to black habitation than ever before. ...read more.

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