• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

disadvantages faced by catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s. During the 1960s Ireland was separated in North Ireland and Eire. The north was mainly Protestant and the south Catholic. Still there was a great population of Catholics in Northern Ireland which cohabited with the Protestant community. The Protestants were a majority in the area and government although Roman Catholics formed 35-40% of the population. The government had a police force: the RUC (Royal Ulster Constabulary) who was supposed to defend each of the citizens living within Northern Ireland. This force was occasionally supported by the B-Specials - part time, auxiliary policemen who were allowed to carry arms, and who were mainly Protestants. On the other hand Catholics only formed 14.5% of all officers in the police force which wasn't proportional to the amount of people living on the district. ...read more.

Middle

letting businesses be in danger of boycott or attacks. Making the Catholic communities live insecure and in constant alert of a future attack. The Catholic lifestyle was limited by sectarian behaviour. Jobs were normally determined by religion; if a Protestant and a Catholic applied for the same job, the Protestant would always get the job, no matter how many qualifications the Catholic had. An example of this was in Belfast where 97.5% of the council employees were protestant. Another problem that Catholics faced in the jobs was that unions were normally controlled by Protestants; this meant that they wouldn't defend a Catholic worker against any segregational treatment but could, on the other hand, make their lives harder by providing them with poor job conditions. The employers determined the religion of the applicant according to the name of the school they used to attend eg. ...read more.

Conclusion

Prejudices were passed on from one generation to the other. In schools Protestant children grew up believing that Catholics were evil and the Protestant religion was the only "good way" of living. This made the children believe that having a friend who's religion wasn't the same as his, wasn't correct... This lead to segregation because since the children were small they attended separate schools. This resulted in Catholics attend schools with a lower educational level and which didn't have a proper material supply. Some Catholics studied in a public Protestant school only because there were more sports opportunities as the Catholic schools were more traditional on what to study. This meant that the child would have to withstand the abusive treatment against him. Unequal housing, job allocation, education etc lead to Catholics beginning to loose faith and trust on the politicians because they felt they did nothing for the well-being and equal rights of their religion as O'Neill [a Unionist MP for the "Bannside constituency" in the Stormont parliament] promised. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And then as they tried to destroy attempts made by some of the British media to get to the bottom of it, again they compounded the sense in which democracy was not at work here. So, it became a Republican coup. And they were very good at the propaganda level.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    Also in February 1994, the USA permitted Sinn Fein's leader Gerry Adams to go there for the first time, and he received huge publicity. Afterwards, President Clinton urged the IRA to call a ceasefire. Eventually on 31st August 1994 and after 25 years of violence, the IRA announced a 'complete cessation of military operations'.

  1. What can you learn from Source A about t he disadvantages faced by the ...

    Source J completely relates to the troubles in Ireland it illustrates how they are never ending. There are five different people The protestant The Catholics Families and workers Clergyman Politicians These all contributed to the troubles in Ireland.

  2. Source based questions on Ireland 1960.

    Later, three more Catholics were killed by the UFF in another Belfast betting shop. By March 1993, four more Catholics building workers were killed by the UFF as they turned up for work at Castlerock. Later on the same day the UFF killed a Catholic teenager in Belfast.

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s.

    In Northern Ireland the Protestants, who were in the majority, were genuinely scared of the Catholic community and thus persecuted them to ensure their own survival and well-being. What looked like blatant sadism and pointless 'prejudice' to the Catholics, was actually an attempt by the Protestants to remain united and in the majority in Northern Ireland.

  2. Describe the disadvantages that faced Catholics in Northern Ireland during the mid-1960s.

    This led to Catholics being discriminated in housing as they couldn't afford to buy or rent a house because there weren't enough jobs for them all. So when they went to the local councils and asked for a council

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s?

    a factor which helped there to be such a big unemployment gap. In Northern Ireland there leavers from Protestant schools on the whole had better qualifications than leavers from Catholic schools. As well as this more leavers from Protestant schools went into employment than Catholic leavers.

  2. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid-1960s

    Education is another area in which discrimination appeared. Catholics and Protestants were by choice educated separately. Catholic schools were often under funded. Source B further compounds the conditions that Catholics were forced to withstand this time in the field of sport. It is taken from the words of a former football in 1984.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work