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Discuss the strengths and the weaknesses of the League of Nations and explain whether you agree that 'its soul should go marching on.'

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Introduction

History Coursework THOMAS HITCHINGS 11 JME 643 T MR. MITCHELL Question 6:Discuss the strengths and the weaknesses of the League of Nations and explain whether you agree that 'its soul should go marching on.' The League of Nations was an alliance of many of the world most powerful nations, countries like Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan all united themselves with each other in 1920 as they agreed to create a single force intended to be more powerful than any other before. The members agreed to a covenant whereby they all accepted to protect each other from any military attacks from other nations and not to launch any assault onto other countries unnecessarily. The League's aims were not only to try to maintain world peace but also improving the living and working conditions for people all across the globe, they all agreed to support third world countries with aid and to encourage other nations to try to refrain from using military action to settle disputes by looking towards employing more diplomatic measures; essentially the League proposed to try to 'police' the world. The effectiveness of the League of Nations is still debateable today; the League had effectively collapsed by 1935, due to arguments, and failures to react to military attacks by the likes of Japan and Italy lost the League the League the respect that it needed to carry on. ...read more.

Middle

The effect of this is likely to be great, this means that the large majority of nations have the League watching over them, this presence is likely to put some nations off going into an invasion which they would normally proceed with if it were not for the League, this is one example of the League securing its goal of preventing military warfare. Source H (i) shows the League acting as they had intended, they are acting swiftly but still with due thought, the council have evidently offered their full support and action was taken promptly. The League wanted to act quickly and they did, they were able to put forward all their sanctions very hastily and make obvious their condemnation of the fascist government. This is evidence that even 15 years after its induction, the League still keeps to its covenant, a clear sign that it has proved to be a highly effective treaty. Of course there could be some argument over the accuracy of this source, it is after all just one person's memoirs, but nonetheless there is no opposition to this article and so it would seem to be fairly accurate. Following on from the collapse of the League of Nations, source J is a cartoon that shows the League of Nations as being a bulldog without any teeth. For the League to be compared to a bulldog shows the potential that the League had, the bulldog (a dog which is traditionally the dog that represents British authority) ...read more.

Conclusion

power and would have truly deserved it; as things went though they did nothing and lost all their power and with that, crucially, the respect of other nations. The Leagues failure to act at times when it was most needed is surely its biggest weakness, it was the loss in confidence of the League that destroyed it and this loss came from the lack of military support for countries like Manchuria when they really needed it, had the League been stronger then they could have saved the day and become heroes, but Britain and France's ambition to preserve their own empire on top of the League of Nations cost them. Source H (ii) shows how despite having appeared to have the situation covered, the League's action over the fascist government was actually a shambles, the sanctions were useless and the lack of full support rendered them useless anyway, this lack of backing was also a tell-tale sign of the downfall of the League. Source I shows how everyone ran away from the League once they saw its weaknesses exposed in the flesh, the in ability to even try to handle the Manchuria situation lost them nearly all of their respect. The depiction of the League in source J demonstrates the main weakness of the League, the incapability to act in an important situation, the lack of teeth in the bulldog symbolises this feebleness of the Leagues actions and adds further insult to injury on the League. ...read more.

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