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ETHNOARCHAEOLOGY ESSAY Knowledge and lifestyles of ancient civilizations aren't lost over time. The people in civilizations who held this knowledge such as where to find the best honey or how to tend for the sick were highly valued and they passed on their knowledge to the younger generations. Ethnoarchaeologists are people who look at the ethnographic evidence surrounding the archaeological site in order to understand how an artifact may have been used in the past. Ethnography or the study of people who live in a similar way to those of the past can help archaeologists identify material evidence left over the ancestral civilizations found in dig sites. When archaeologists come across artifacts they are not familiar with, they refer to ethnographers who in turn try to link the ancient objects to the ancestors of the people among whom they live. ...read more.


Seeds from vegetation and wheat or barley in storage jars found in the site show that the idea of small private plots to grow food for the family goes way back. That is not say that the older generations, like people today did not sell or buy food. They use measuring weights, such as the ancient ones found in sites, to find the value of the food they sell. Also used both in ancient times and today are grinding stones on which grain was ground to make bread. Natives of Tall al- Umayri have found that storing water in ceramic pots or jars keeps the water cold to drink, we can infer that this knowledge was passed on to today's people by older generations because of the ceramic potsherds found in dig sites. ...read more.


In some areas of Jordan people still live in goat or donkey skin tents which would explain the donkey bones with stretch marks found during the excavation. The traditional ways of making clothes hasn't been lost in Jordan. Loom weights found in archaeological sites mean that upright loom had been used, like they do today. The loom was spun using spindle whorls similar to ones still being used with bone spatulas that have been over time replaced by wooden ones. Also the people of Tall al- Umayri have similar hand cymbol musical instruments to which their ancestors had used. In conclusion archaeological evidence can be clearly defined through ethnography. Many artifacts used by ancient civilizations are still around today, modified over generations. The ways of living have been passed on from pre-historic times till today, where in some places they are still alive. ...read more.

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