• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work.

Extracts from this document...


Emily Grant 11M History Coursework Part 1 Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work The Schlieffen Plan was written by Count Alfred von Schlieffen, and was Germany's initial approach to a war; it was meant to ensure a quick and clean victory for Germany. Germany needed to eliminate France from the war immediately because it knew that it did not have the capacity to be fighting on two fronts; Germany didn't have the strength or the troops required to fight both Russia and France at the same time. Thus, the Schlieffen Plan was formulated in order to remove France from the war, and enable Germany to then quickly transport its troops to fight Russia. ...read more.


However, she decided to put approximately 10% of her troops to invade through the Ardennes border. This was intended to act as a decoy, and the French were meant to transfer most of their troops there, leaving the Germans open to invade easily through Belgium. This was an essential part of the plan because it meant that Germany wouldn't face much resistance when invading France, and it would therefore aid the rapidity of the plan. Germany expected the Italian troops to help defend any attacks against the German border with France. Although Germany planned to use a large proportion of her troops to invade through Belgium, the Germans knew that the Belgian army was weak, and Germany didn't expect to meet any resistance from Belgium. ...read more.


Germany planned to attack west of Paris, and to have encircled Paris within six weeks. The time limit was very important, because of the fact that Germany did not want to be fighting France and Russia at the same time. Paris would then surrender and the French would make peace-another assumption on Germany's part. Germany thought that Britain would allow them to occupy the important Channel Ports of Ostend, Dunkirk, Calais etc, and wouldn't put up any resistance which could hinder the plan. Germany could then transport its troops, again using its superior railway system, to face the 'Russian steamroller'. In conclusion, the plan was meant to prevent Germany from having to fight on two fronts at once. Germany intended to invade France through neutral Belgium and force her surrender in time to face Russia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    Russia was heavily defeated, but at the time, did not pull out of the war. No one side had the outright ability to win but all sides wanted to fight. France and Belgium wanted Germany out of their territory and Germany wanted to spread her influence over Europe.

  2. Failure of the Schlieffen Plan.

    The result was a partial German success which failed in its ultimate goal of knocking the French army out of the war early. The German Armies swept into Belgium as planned, but the Belgian Army did not oblige by quickly losing.

  1. Schlieffen Plan

    The plan was used for the invasion of France and also for individual conflicts. One of the key points of this plan was that it was absolutely necessary to put all possible force behind the invasion of France and not to hold any soldiers back in reserve.

  2. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work.

    It caused serious hunger in Germany from 1916 through til 1918 and in the winter of 1918-1919 the Germans suffered from starvation. There were also bad fuel shortages as all the fuel that Germany did have was being sent to the fronts, for the army to use.

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work.

    Von Schlieffen believed that Russia would take far too long to mobilise for war and Britain would enter the war at too late a time. Britain had also signed a treaty to protect Belgium if invaded back in 1839.

  2. Explain How The Schlieffen Plan Was Meant To Work

    Schlieffen feared the many French forts, which lay on the border with Germany. To overcome this he suggested a scythe like offensive through Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg. The other 10% of his army was to be deported on the Eastern front in the case that Russia advanced within the expected time if they were to mobilise quickly.

  1. How the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work

    before the Russians were ready, then turn back to fight the Russians. Schlieffen calculated that the Russian army, however large, would take about six weeks to organise its army for an attack.

  2. Explain How the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work

    Before this however, there was some speculation as to who Germany should strike first, but when the massive difference in mobilisation time between France and Russia was calculated and the more efficient railway system running through Belgium catering more to their needs was acknowledged, Schlieffen stressed that France must be hit first.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work