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Explain the main problems facing industrial workers in Russia in 1905.

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Explain the main problems facing industrial workers in Russia in 1905 (7) By 1905, cities were flooded with workers. Life was extremely difficult for the working class. In the main cities, living conditions were very poor and the accommodation for the workers was very cramped, usually having only enough floor space for people to walk in. When working, the workers who worked in the factories were at a constant risk because of the dangerous, heavy and unguarded machinery. The workers usually worked for fifteen to sixteen hours a day and earning next to nothing for the amount of time they worked. This caused a low morale in factories and led to avoidable accidents happening on the factory floor due to tiredness. ...read more.


The workers couldn't change their conditions, as trade unions were banned. In Russia, there was this organisation called the Okhrana, this was the Tsar's secret police whose job was too seek out opponents to the Tsar and imprison them. The workers found it hard to order a strike or a march, as they didn't know if a member of the Okhrana was about as well as there not being trade unions. During the spring and summer, peasants moved into the city to earn more money for the family before the harvest. This brought overcrowding and disease into the cities and in some cases, even death. In 1904, the Tsar (Nicolas II) declared war on Japan because he wanted to draw away the attention of the unpopularity of himself. ...read more.


Also there was a lack of food and supplies in the city so people were gradually becoming malnourished. Because of the war in Japan, people in the cities were getting less and less amount of food as lots of food had to be sent to the front lines of the war by the Trans-Siberian Railway. In the beginning of 1905, people felt that the only way to get their problems across would be to sign a petition and march to the Tsar's residence, Winter Palace. When they arrived, they came met rows upon rows of armed troops who fired on the marchers. This event was known as the "Bloody Sunday" massacre. People felt that their lives would never change unless they tried to start a revolution. By Andrew Riddell - 5P ...read more.

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