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Explain to what extent the problems facing black communities had been overcome by federal legislations by 1968.

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Introduction

Explain to what extent the problems facing black communities had been overcome by federal legislations by 1968. Before 1940 there were a lot of problems facing the black public, segregation, bad housing, terrible education, discrimination in the work place and unable to vote and improve there situation. Black communities had not had help from the fed government to fix these problems, which were far worse in the South because of the Jim Crow laws, but through 1940-1968 many problems facing black people had been eradicated. I will explain the main points that contributed to the abolition of racism in America. The first breakthrough was in 1940 - 1953 during WW2, where the president, (Federal Gov) issued order 8802 banning discrimination in firms working for the government. As such it ended discrimination in the aircraft industry, however this had only limited results, as it was only government companies that were disallowed segregation and no general laws to end discrimination in employment. The South hardly benefited at all as they had less factories than the North and only 20% of cases held in court. It was the North, which benefited the most, 40% of cases held up in court, and as there were more industries in the North. However any progress is good progress, and as such I believe that these contributed greatly to the ending of segregation and discrimination. ...read more.

Middle

It generally targeted black voting and as such white power in the south. However it was fat too general and limited in its power to face whites in south to end the voting system, again it was greatly ignored and consequently there was no increase in black voters. In the same year the 'little-rock' incident occurred, this is where the president was getting fed up of being ignored and enforced the supreme court ruling on education, He sent army troops into little rock to let Blacks attend a white school, however Arkansas brought in its own state troops to prevent them from attending. It again had limited success as in 1963 only 12% of schools where admitting black students, which is still progress. Through 1960-1961 there where a few acts passed to end segregation in some areas. Segregation in transport nationally was banned as well as a lessoning of segregation in shops restaurants and cinemas. This general erosion of Jim Crow was beginning to seriously weaken the system. However this still isn't a cure all and Jim Crow was still essentially intact. This had big impact in the south and little in the North as there is no Jim Crow, This ends the period of the first phase or eroding the Jim Crow system. Which has failed to address the problem of segregation in housing and education. ...read more.

Conclusion

This sped up the enforcement and introduction of new rights acts. However there where still 40% of blacks unregistered to vote and many didn't due to fear of the KKK. So that meant that they where in the minority. This act benefited the South but didn't affect the North as there was no voting system in place. Blacks where still under achieving as there where stuck in bad areas, due to discrimination in housing. To combat this in 1968 the Kerner commission was set up. This reported on black poverty, which was not addressed by earlier acts. It banned discrimination in buying houses and more blacks could move freely to better areas. But many blacks couldn't afford to move out of the ghettos. But the black middle class could afford two and therefore created a rift between the blacks, which meant that there were fewer blacks to provide services in the ghettos, and black poverty was still not addressed. By 1968 many problems facing the blacks had been overcome, however there life was still a considerable amount worse than whites with there income much lower and suffered terrible discrimination as whites attitudes had not been changed. But blacks now can go to a good school move into a white neighbour hood eat in a restaurant with a white and work along whites. So there rights are very similar to whites, in a legal sense. But illegal discrimination and segregation was still rife and would not disappear until a good few generations. ...read more.

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