• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

Extracts from this document...


Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922 Even before Trotsky was a Bolshevik, he contributed to the ideals of communism. With his great skills as an orator and his natural intelligence, he travelled around the world, advocating communism and its benefits and he did this alongside writing articles and books to spread the ideas of communism internationally. This contributed to communist movement by raising awareness of the ideals of communism, often in non and anti communist countries. After a long exile Trotsky arrived back in Russia in May 1917. He disapproved of the support that many leading Mensheviks were now giving to the Provisional Government and the war effort and so in July he joined the Bolsheviks. The new Prime Minister, Alexander Kerensky, realized that Trotsky was a major threat to his government and had him arrested. On 7th September, General Lavr Kornilov demanded the resignation of the Cabinet and the surrender of all military and civil authority to the Russian Army. ...read more.


Throughout the summer, Trotsky has been training Bolshevik agents. He sent the agents into factories throughout Petrograd, to poison the people against the Provisional Government and to instruct people on what to do if/when a revolution would take place. Trotsky himself used his great oratory skills to preach to the people about a revolution, especially after the 23rd of October, when he knew a revolution was going to take place. It was Trotsky himself who built up the Red Guard units. These were people who believed in the Bolsheviks ideas of revolution, and who played a crucial part in the revolution. The Red Guards also helped to put down the 'Kornilov Rising' in August. Trotsky went to visit the Paul Fortress on November the 6th, the fortress was a place packed full of powerful arms and it was vital for Trotsky to gain the support of the people there. Trotsky persuaded and bribed them, detailing the benefits of a Bolshevik government to Russia. ...read more.


The threats included imprisonment of the officer, or the imprisonment of the officer's family. Through this terror, Trotsky managed to recruit 22,000 officers who in turned transformed them in a proper army. However there remained loyalty issues in the army forcing Trotsky to enforce his terror to a greater extent through rules including: * Any one who incited desertion or anyone that did not fulfil a military order would be shot. * Any/Every Red Army member who deserted his post would be shot. * Any/Every who sells their equipment will be shot. * Those guilty of harbouring deserters will be shot. * Houses in which deserters are found will be burned down. It was through this terror system, Trotsky managed to eventually win the civil war after three years, against a withering white army. In conclusion, Trotsky's contributions were extremely influential for the success of the Bolsheviks. All of the pivotal points in the Bolshevik years were all related to Trotsky, and I believe that he was the determining factor of these pivotal points. He contributed greatly with his tactics and strategies, his military prowess, his intelligence and his charisma. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Account for the success of the Bolshevik revolution in

    Guchkov, the minister for war, argued on March 9th, 'The Provisional Government had no real force as its disposal.' The Provisional Government's decrees were carried out only to an extent the Soviet of Worker's and Soldiers' Deputies approved. 'In its hands (are)

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    but this led to demands and strikes for free unions. In 1904, to unite Russia behind the Tsar, hoping for spectacular victories, Nicholas embarked on a war with Japan. All these tensions, the strikes, the anger, starvation, social and economical conditions, and the failing war bringing humiliating losses, came together

  1. The blance sheet for russia.

    In payment for the fright they had suffered, and in order to teach the masses a lesson, they would have unleashed a reign of terror on a massive scale. The Russian workers and peasants would have been subjected to the nightmare of a bourgeois totalitarian regime for years if not decades, on the lines of Franco or Pinochet.

  2. Was the Kornilov affair a failed military Putsch by a right-wing general?

    which gives some credence to the idea that Kornilov intended to overthrow the Provisional Government. Asher states, "As early as August 19, Kornilov instructed his Chief of Staff, General Lukomsky, to concentrate the Third Corps in the areas of Nevel, Novye-Sokolniki, Velikie-Luki, within convenient striking distance by railroad of both Moscow and Petrograd.

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    Trotsky ordered his Red Guard to take over: telephone buildings, telegraph buildings, power stations, capture bridges and even the rail stations. In essence blocking off all lines of communication and methods to flee the city. The following day the Red Guards took over government buildings and banks.

  2. Trotsky's Contribution to the Success Of The Bolsheviks Up to 1922

    the orders of Trotsky or tried to do anything to sabotage their efforts. This meant that the Red army was now more strategic and efficient. Trotsky had very strict reprimands with his troops and is strongly against desertion. He enforced conscription; party controlled blocking squads and compulsory obedience which put fear into his army and also his opposition.

  1. Explain Trotsky's contribution towards the success of the Bolsheviks up to 1922

    Trotsky achieved his aims and managed to hold off any finalisation of the treaty for nine weeks. Although Russia had lost important coal and iron sources and a third of its grain producing land in the treaty, the nine week period gave the Bolsheviks a "breathing space" in which they

  2. Why were the Bolsheviks able to seize power in Petrograd in 1917?

    To aid this he backed the Russian Orthodox Church and the army as a way of controlling the Russian people. However, in the 1980's Russia began to industrialise and was soon developing a thriving industry.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work