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Explain why Bloody Sunday Happened.

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Introduction

On Sunday, 30 January 1972 40 students began a civil right march from Belfast to Londonderry to protest against interment. After introducing interment the unionist government had banned all marches. This march was therefore illegal, Rather than risk a riot by attempting to stop it the army, decided that the march should be dealt with in the law for as long as possible. The march went peacefully until the crowds gathered at the army barriers to protest against recruiting. After this, 13 unarmed marches were killed in this riot. There were many reasons which led of this to happening; some of them were long term effects which gradually increased as years passed on. The long term reasons which might have caused Bloody Sunday could have been the conflict between British (Protestants) and the Irish (Catholic) in the 1640's, this could have been corrects because the arguments were the same as the arguments of 1969-72. The conflict in 1969-72 was really about who has the political power in Northern Ireland, the same in the 1912 and in the 1940's. ...read more.

Middle

community who were treated unfairly and got the worst council houses and experienced greater unemployment. The Nationalist had also no power in local government because the Unionists fixed election boundaries so that the Nationalists could not win. Terrorist violence came in and the Unionist suffered attacks from the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and the discrimination got even worse for the Nationalist. The final reason that could have caused bloody Sunday for happening are short term reasons, however these reasons was mainly due to the partition because as a result of this, election fixing, discrimination, violence, the IRA, the British army and interment took place. In 1922 the Unionists abolished proportional representation for local elections: this meant that the party with the most votes would gain overall control. As there was a unionist majority in most of Northern Ireland this meant that Unionist parties were likely to gain overall control of local councils. Nationalists withdrew from the election process in protest, this left the unionists free to fix election boundaries so that they had a unionist majority in all areas - this is known as gerrymandering. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1970-71 the IRA began their war against the British army. In 1970 the first British soldier was murdered by the IRA. In total 26 people were killed in IRA violence in 1970 and 186 people were killed (including 46 soldiers) in 1971. In 1971 the IRA began a major bombing campaign, they targeted Protestant owned businesses. The final short term reason was interment. Interment was introduced in 1971. Only Nationalists were interned and 1600 of the 2300 people that were interned had never been involved with the IRA. Interment was where police force arrested nearly every local people because in this way they have a likely chance of capturing a Republican and there was no limit how long they were kept in prison. In my opinion I think partition was the main and the only reason why bloody Sunday took place because this caused other incidents to happen such as: interment, discrimination, the IRA attacks, the British army and the violence that took place. So it all started with partition as this caused hatred, no compromise and no trust towards each other. With partition taken place people had different responses towards it which made them argue and increased the hatred between them. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jita Hira 10/3 ...read more.

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