• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why Stalin, and not Trotsky, emerged as Lenins successor.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain why Stalin, and not Trotsky, emerged as Lenin's successor. The leadership struggle was far from decided when Lenin died- Lenin himself had not really offered guidance on who should succeed him. Lenin became very ill towards the end of 1923. After his first stroke in May 1922, he became uneasy about Stalin. Lenin did not believe that Stalin would use his power responsibly and he questioned his actions and the rudeness of Stalin to his wife. Lenin even tried to get rid of Stalin and make Trotsky Chairman of the council of people's commissars. After Lenin's third stroke in 1923, Stalin aligned himself for tactical reasons with Zinoviev and Kamenev against Trotsky. Zinoviev and Kamenev did this because it made them feel unimportant and by this it showed them in a bad light. ...read more.

Middle

He was arrogant and did not spend a lot of time with people who he considered to be inferior. He also refused to get involved in the dirty business of political in-fighting. Gaining support and making people be on his side was something which he did not consider. Since Stalin was taking on jobs and roles which were unpopular and boring, he attracted little jealousy and became more popular within the party. Also Stalin was from a peasant background and this image made people think that he could relate to them better than Trotsky who appeared arrogant and conceited. This support from the peasant increased Stalin's chances to win since it made him arguably more useful to the party. With Stalin rapidly gaining support and Trotsky not making any effort to stop Stalin or rally support for himself and save the support that he already had but was decaying little by little, it was a recipe for disaster for Trotsky. ...read more.

Conclusion

Trotsky made no effort to exploit Stalin's criticism in the will when it was read out four months after Lenin's death. The reasons for Trotsky's failure and Stalin's success are numerous. But the main reason was that Stalin was determined to achieve a dominant position, while Trotsky on the other hand, was not. Stalin was assisted by the support that he gained, Lenin's trust in him in 1917-1922, Trotsky's errors, his cleverness and ruthlessness for opposition. All of Trotsky's mistakes obviously led to his failure and the success of Stalin. Probably the most important reasons for this outcome, are that Lenin's will was not released and Trotsky not turning up to Lenin's funeral. Also closely following was Stalin's determination, Trotsky's illness and the death of Lenin. Stalin winning over Trotsky was a surprise as Trotsky was the closest by miles to be the next leader. But when the events are mapped out and all of Trotsky's mistakes are listed, the results seem predictable. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Explain why Stalin and not Trotsky emerged as Lenin(TM)s Successor

    This showed Stalin in a bad light. Although Kamenev and Zionoviev agreed with Trotsky politically they very much disliked him personally and so they formed an alliance with Stalin to prevent him coming to power.

  2. Source related questions on Joseph Stalin

    In 1931, she joined the Institute of Commerce and once there she discovered that people were terrified of her husband. In fact, some of her friends told her what everybody thought of her husband and Stalin had them killed. People had everything to fear.

  1. Stalin and Lenin

    power, which proved to be in one way or another a turning point in Russia's history.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    the foreground, whereas in the second photograph, both Trotsky and Kamenev have been removed. In this photograph, Stalin is portrayed as a man and not as a monster. Source D is an anecdote, which was written by Stalin in 1945.

  1. Explain why Stalin and not Trotsky emerged as Lenin's successor

    They believed that if Russia was to remain an agricultural country under the N.E.P, it would not have the capability to defend itself against the western, communist hating countries. However, the Rightists believed that the government must continue Lenin's N.E.P.

  2. There are many different reasons why Stalin and not Trotsky became Lenins successor. When ...

    in the south of Russia he could not get to the funeral on the 26th, but could get there for the 27th.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work