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Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal - How successful was Roosevelt's New Deal?

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Introduction

Modern World Coursework The USA 1919-1941 Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal 3. How successful was Roosevelt's New Deal? After the Wall Street crash in 1929, America sunk into a deep depression and unemployment levels soared, growing to a rate of 12,000 people per day, loosing their jobs as company after company went bankrupt. The president at the time Herbert Hoover did little at all to help the situation and by the end of his term in office the state of both the American economy and American public were in dire straits. In a bid to restore America back to its former glory the American public turned to the Democrat, Franklin Delano Roosevelt who promised a new deal and vowed to help them out of this slump. Roosevelt brought a breath of fresh air to America at a critical point in time and I think that this is the reason why Roosevelt appealed so much and won the election with a landslide victory. In the case of Herbert Hoover, I believe it was a case of too little too late and this was just not good enough. During Roosevelt's first hundred days as president the American public saw more action being taken to end the depression that they had seen during the whole of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The first step, which he took on the road to recovery, was the Emergency Banking Act, which was immediately put into action, as congress voted unanimously for it. It consisted of, closing all the banks down until their finances had been put into order and only those with sufficient money and well-managed accounts were allowed to reopen. ...read more.

Middle

After helping the landowners destroy their crops it had left them out of work and out of money, many of them were forced to leave their homes and go in search for work in other parts of the country. Unlike the CCC and the TVA, the AAA had not been a complete success as it had both good and bad points about it but fortunately it had not been dubbed a complete failure like the CWA which was thought of as a complete waste of time, money and effort. The Civil Works Administration (CWA) was one of a number of agencies set up to help the unemployed. Harry Hopkins the man in charge of this had very strong views about how to help the unemployed and believed that keeping workers on the dole, took away their pride and destroyed their morale whereas if they were kept in work their spirits would stay high and their skills would be saved. Although the Public Works Administration had been set up to provide extra job opportunities for skilled workers, this would not begin until the following summer and with winter fast approaching the millions of unemployed were in desperate need of help and employment. With this in mind, Harry Hopkins set up the CWA. After just 2 months, the CWA had found work for nearly 4 million people, paying 40 cents an hour for unskilled work and $1 an hour for skilled work. During this period the workers did all the following: * Built or improved 800,000km of roads * Built or improved 40,000 schools * Built 500 airports and improved 500 more * Built 150,000 public toilets Although many of ...read more.

Conclusion

off because it was thought by many as a waste of tax-payers money, but, after the initial rise the figures continued decreasing, fulfilling one of Roosevelt's main aims. He also sorted out one of America's biggest environmental problems, The Tennessee Valley and improved the vast majority of American countryside through the CCC. Another of his successes was helping many of Americas farmers stand on their own two feet by 'adjusting' the crops to raise prices of farming products too. As a result of the majority of 'alphabet agencies' being scrapped because they were declared illegal, Roosevelt began a 'second New Deal' to replace all the old agencies. The American people must have felt that these new agencies were successful, because the following year in the 1936 election Roosevelt won by yet another landslide victory with only two of the states voting Republican. This shows that it is not only my belief that Roosevelt and his New Deal were successful but also that of the American people, otherwise they would not have voted for him once more. The support for Roosevelt is shown even greater by the fact that the constitutional laws were changed so that he could stay in office for a third term. However successful Roosevelt's New Deal was, it may be true to say that although it gave many Americans the will to carry on through the toughest of times, the problems of the depression were never truly solved by it. It was only the second world war that finally reduced the levels of unemployment because, during the first year of the war the number of people unemployed decreased dramatically from about 7 to 2 million. ...read more.

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