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History Ireland

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History - Ireland Coursework. Question 1 What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and the Loyalists/Unionists in Northern Ireland? The people of Northern Ireland are divided into two different communities. There are Loyalists/Unionists, who believe that Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom. Then there are the Republicans/Nationalists, who believe that there should be a united Ireland. As well as having contrasting beliefs, the two communities have, in general, different religions. The Unionists are mostly Protestant whereas the Nationalists are mostly Catholic. Religion is a major issue in Northern Ireland. The disagreement began when English and Scottish citizens moved to the north of Ireland, but because they owned the land that the Irish people worked and lived on when the potato famine hit the Irish the landlords still expected the rent even though the Irish didn't have the money to pay it. The landlords basically were treating the Irish like second class citizens. Also the main religion of the Irish was Catholic which clashed with the English and the Scottish being mainly protestant, this lead to many disagreements between the two religions This disagreement is still show today through the main political parties with The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) also known as The Official Unionist Party (OUP) this is the more peaceful party of the two they have connections with The Orange Order and wants to say part of the UK, The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) ...read more.


The Rising was suppressed after seven days of fighting, and its leaders were court-martialled and executed. This lead to support of breaking links with Brittan growing dramatically. This meant that in the forth coming elections that Sinn Fein won, they got 73 seats out of 103 in Ireland. Sinn Fein refused to go to London at set up its own government, this lead to the partition of Ireland into "Ulster" and "The Irish Free State". Sinn Fein didn't like the idea of the country been split into two parts. These are both important events which have shaped the views of the Catholics and the Protestants to today. Both events made the Catholics dislike the Protestant even more meaning that peace talks are harder to negotiate and any chance of peace between the two religions is getting less and less likely. Question 3 Previous attempts to bring Northern Ireland have failed. What problems will need to be overcome if the current peace talks are to succeed? During all the fighting and dispute in Ireland, many onlookers in Britain saw Ireland as a violent place. They saw it as a country with no politics or organisation, however they were wrong. Many parties in Ireland focused on healthcare, housing, and education, but they didn't have any ideas of how to overcome the dispute in Northern Ireland. ...read more.


She stated that peace and justice in Northern Ireland took priority over removing partition. Protestants, because of this, accepted the agreement, hoping for peace and no more onslaught from paramilitary groups, as they were getting stamped out if they continued to use such methods. As a result of the 'no violence no say' rule, many paramilitaries were now considering accepting the agreement, although many didn't, but it was still a step in the right direction. Problems that still need to be tackled are definitely violence and destruction in Ireland from the paramilitaries, and the trust that they have in the new government, because if they (paramilitaries) can trust the new reformed peaceful government to make the right decisions for everyone, then they won't need their firearms and hostile approaches to get attention and get their own way. In conclusion, the two peace attempts that I have looked at have made a significant difference to Ireland, in terms of communicating with other political groups and making decisions based on everyone's opinion, even the opinions of the British and Irish. Breakthroughs that have been made are gaining trust from Irish civilians and unionists, through the no-more-violence rules, and managing to incorporate all the groups into one united government for Ireland. Problems that still need to be tackled are the trust between Catholics, especially paramilitary groups, and the governments, and the violence that is still breaking out. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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