• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Northern Ireland coursework GCSE

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Northern Ireland Coursework Question 2: why interpretations differ? The events of 30th January 1972 that occurred in Derry have become known as bloody Sunday, which was a dark day felled with remorse and heart ache for Northern Ireland. This happened when a huge protest march against internment that was organised by the civil rights movement, turned into a running battle down Rossville Street when the British army opened fire. This resulted in 13 dead men and another man, John Johnston dying months after the incident, as a result of his injuries from Bloody Sunday. The exact events of the day are still unknown and there are many different historical interpretations. The paratroopers believe that they were fired at first and were being attacked by the crowds; therefore they acted not just because they were fired on but the Para's look for targets and shoot. The people in the crowds believe that the men that were shot were innocent people who had no arms or bombs. From looking at source A I can clearly see that the soldiers felt that "We came under fire and under attack. It is strange how new evidence is coming out when nobody mentions the nail bombs and acid bombs they threw at us." From this I can clearly see that the paratroopers really believe that they were right to fire on the Catholics, because they believe they were attacked first and that the Catholics were armed. ...read more.

Middle

After Bloody Sunday, an inquiry by UK Prime Minister Edward Heath followed the incident. Lord Widgery concluded in his investigation and reports that the soldiers had been fired on first. He says there would have been no deaths if there had not been an illegal march, which had created "a highly dangerous situation". No action was taken against the soldiers. Reports and Scientific evidence on bloody Sunday has shown that evidence he used in his report may be wrong and incorrect. Lord Widgery concluded that the soldiers had been fired on first; although Widgery admitted that the soldiers' firing "bordered on the reckless". Source A shows us that DR John Martin, who had given evidence to the Widgery hearing that Mr. Wray had been handling guns or explosives, has reversed his opinion. Lord Widgery said that "at one end of the scale, some soldiers showed a high degree of responsibility; at the other end, firing bored on recklessness". He is saying that the paratroopers didn't do anything wrong and no action need to be taken against them. Lord Widgery had other evidence; he had pictures of Gerald Donaghy with 4 nail bombs in his pocket. But when people were trying to find identification, they found no sign of nail bombs in his pockets and doctors said they had searched his pockets and found nothing before the pictures were taken. ...read more.

Conclusion

The soldiers must have been under enormous pressure and were eager to get there own back. I can also see why the protesters, if they did, would fire on the Army. They saw the Army as a force of oppression and wanted to break free, they didn't want to be controlled by the English. With such heated rivalry and conflicting interpretations it is difficult to make any judgment. I think that there are so many different historical interpretations and conclusions about what occurred on Bloody Sunday, because there are many different people who have different views of what occurred on Bloody Sunday. Such as the Paratroopers, the Catholics, the Protestants, the protestors, the 14 Families of the killed men, the Scientists, the general public, and many other groups of people that have different interpretations of the events of bloody Sunday. As there are so many different views and groups, the evidence has come from many different people. Consequently the different views of people changed the interpretation of the events. Therefore this causes many different views to what actually happened on Bloody Sunday which is why it is so hard for new inquiry's, like Lord Savilles's inquiry, to find the correct facts. To find out what really happened on Bloody Sunday and to find who is too blame for the deaths of 13 men and the other man who later died from his injuries. ?? ?? ?? ?? Camilla Sampson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Castles Coursework

    middle ages, due to people preferring a home as well as a fortified house. Concentric castes were a further improvement in the castle design. They were being built in the reign of king Edward I, and the design was influenced fro knowledge that was gathered from the crusades.

  2. Battlefields Coursework

    None of us had any idea of the true circumstances that the soldiers were thrown into, and this was unforeseen by us. We are now able to appreciate and understand what really happened in more depth. Destruction I learnt a great deal about the destructive nature of war from my

  1. Since the Good Friday Agreement in 1998 there has been a relative period of ...

    and kept in prison where they can cause no harm to anyone. One of the terms of the Good Friday Agreement was that there would be a review of policing in Northern Ireland. The RUC (royal Ulster Constabulary) has not always been under the firing line.

  2. All My Sons Coursework

    It is now that we see a contrasting and totally different side to Keller. As Bert pulls away Keller grabs him by the shirt and pulls him back. This is a violent action and shows Keller's aggression. Then Chris steps in laughing, saying "Don't make him do that".

  1. Rhydymwyn Coursework

    This source begins by Stalin making his considerate side known and then subtly hints at the 'lack of concern' that the leaders of the Soviet Union show; people that he appointed yet he condemns them to eliminate opposition and show himself above others.

  2. Palestine coursework

    In conclusion to what I have said, I think that if it wasn't for Nasser's personality and beliefs, there might not have been an outbreak of war of this extent in the first place. Without Nasser's aims, the Arab countries would have never united together and fought against Israel.

  1. Am I not a Man and a brother?

    Baako went look for me after her labour, meanwhile working in viours places to earn some money so that she could feed her son and herself in the furture and she was saving up a sum of money so she could buy my freedom when she found me.

  2. Reichstag Fire

    The Nazi's would've approved this book to be published, and probably even wrote it themselves. Source E could also be interpreted as propaganda by convincing the public that the fire was only the beginning of a huge communist campaign to politically take over Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work