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How and why did the tsar nicholas II survive the 1905 revolution?

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Introduction

How and why did the Tsar Nicholas II Survive the 1905 Revolution? There were many various factors which contributed to Tsar Nicholas II surviving the 1905 Revolution. One could say these worked together to achieve the Tsar's survival, however perhaps the most influential of these was the loyalty of the Russian army during the period. Without the reliance he had upon the Army, it could be questioned as to whether The Tsar would have survived the revolution. The procession of workers whom marched to the Winter Palace led by Georgi Gapon where by 100 workers were killed and some 300 hundred wounded, is labelled Bloody Sunday. This was the beginning of a series of events, fighting for better wages and factory conditions which is now known as the 1905 Revolution. The Tsar was left in a state whereby his every move had to be made with utter focus and thought. The government mishandled many situations and this was one of them. The deaths and injuries were down to the police panicking and not being strong enough to defend appropriately. ...read more.

Middle

His idea was to improve in areas which were perhaps the least developed such as Siberia and improve upon their productivity. Not only this, but he was a ruthless man, which is far more than could be said for the Tsar Nicholas II. His barbarous attitude suppressed many peasant uprisings and in turn created the second Duma. This helped Russia with its numerous problems to improve their economy and the living and working conditions of the people. He even won supporters for Nicholas, and he himself couldn't. Japans victory against Russia also heightened Russia's unrest. The war was poorly conducted, the troops had little intelligence, maps were out of date, and in fact Phleve landed Russia in a state of complete embarrassment. The loss just highlighted the weakness of the country and how far behind it was in many ways. Russia lost Port Author to Japan. They lacked in common sense; not even considering the validity of their maps. Yet again, Tsar Nicholas II was blamed, as the easiest target. This furthermore weakened his position to stage where any minute he could lose his title. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, Even though there were all these improvements in stabilising Russia, they could still not rid the opposition of the Tsarist system. Hence, in 1903, the Tsar passed the 1903 October Manifesto under the guidance of Witte. This was the creation of a laws-making Duma. It was a Liberal approach granting the freedom of speech, no imprisonment without trial, assembly and worship, the legalising of trade unions and mortgage redemption payments for peasants cancelled. In the eyes of the Tsar, it was completely irrational and betraying autocracy. Nevertheless, it prohibited peasant uprisings and contributed a lot to the Tsar's survival. Although it does need to be mentioned that the Duma not being allowed to pass laws, still only the Tsar was suppressing change. Overall, even though there were many contributing factors towards the Tsar survival of the 1905 Revolution, none of these were down to the Tsar. He was unwilling to cooperate and unwilling to allow change. In fact, it was down to Stolypin, Witte and other key individuals to pull him through. At the same time, very importantly, even though the army were very ruthless, they stuck by him at all times as his protectors and defenders. Without them, the Tsar would have been crushed under uprisings and riots throughout Russia. ...read more.

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