• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How did the Tsar survive Politically in 1905?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How did the Tsar survive Politically in 1905? Firstly, to understand how the Tsarist regime survived in 1905, it is necessary to answer the question: what, politically and socially, happened in 1905? It is then possible to see how Nicholas II dealt with these problems and managed to survive this turbulent year. In the few years previous to 1905 there was increasing social turmoil caused by rapid industrialisation in Russia. Furthermore, there was no legal way of expressing political views as there was no parliamentary system and as a result there was a discontented and oppressed working class and a desperate and poverty stricken peasantry. The working classes, at the time, had to work in very poor conditions for very long hours and for very little pay which angered them further. Additionally, The peasants were poor because they owned no land themselves, had poor harvests and heavy taxation by the Tsar to pay for industrialisation. The middle classes were also discontent because of the absence of a political voice for the vast population. Therefore most sectors of Russian society were in strong opposition to the state. Only the gentry, the state-dependant industrialists, aristocracy and the army supported the regime out of self-interest. ...read more.

Middle

Also, post treaty, the railway network had been freed up so food and supplies were now reaching towns and cities in larger quantities. The Tsar was beginning to become more respectable once again, although the loss of the war had actually caused immeasurable damage to the Tsars, once grand, image. On October 22, 1905, thousands of industrial workers, men, women and children marched to protest peacefully to the Tsar. The march was led by a priest and a union leader called Father Gapon. They marched on towards the Tsar's palace in St. Petersburg, carrying a petition that requested from him the improvement of living conditions, and more freedom of expression. When the crowds were asked to leave, they refused and the guards fired upon the peaceful protesters, resulting in the death of hundreds, and the wounding and trampling of many thousands of people. This tragedy was called 'Bloody Sunday'. This, in turn, sparked an endless number of proletarian strikes, peasant uprisings, as well as further opposition to the Tsar and the tsarist systems he had meant to protect. The peasants respected the Tsar greatly, as the Tsar was the leader of their church and a figure for them to look up to. ...read more.

Conclusion

He had also made reforms to the October Manifesto meaning that the Dumas were filled with his own aristocratic supporters which completely defied the point of having a Duma at all as Russia's population, again, was not represented how they would have wished. Overall, how the Tsar survived politically was mainly due to his irrepressible power that he had over Russia and partially luck. Nicholas was lucky due to the fact that the parties that wanted to revolt had been unorganised and missed their opportunity windows to launch successful revolts, as well as the fact that the parties did not combine early on to combat Tsarist Russia. A crucial factor of the Tsars survival was the fact that Nicholas had his thumb on anyone with power and could use them accordingly. He had the full support of his armed forced at the time and this also quashed any resistance to the Tsar and was a deterrence to any thinking of revolt. He relied heavy on many of his right hand men to think up great schemes and solutions to his problems. These people included the likes of Sergei Witte and Peter Stolypin, whom directed the Tsar in the right direction. If it wasn't for these factors then surely Nicholas II would have been overthrown as he was entirely incapable of running the country alone. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Russia 1905-1917 exam questions with mark schemes.

    After tsar took the command, any thing wrong happening would be blamed on the Tsar. before the war even the Tsar said that if they had a serious fight for 3 days then they would run out of ammunition altogether.

  2. How did the Tsar survive in 1905?

    Some of them (the leftwing Liberals) were more radical. They wanted the establishment of a constitutional monarchy, with universal, secret and direct suffrage. The Tsar also had control over the Army meaning he was still able to retain power over the people.

  1. How did the tsar survive the 1905 revolution?

    Nicholas had wanted to establish a military dictatorship in Russia but had been unable to do so as the governor of St. Petersburg could not guarantee to maintain order and most of the troops were thousands of miles away returning from the war against Japan.

  2. 'THE TSARIST REGIME WAS SECURE BY 1905'

    In addition they received extremely poor wages The peasants had to pay very high taxes on grain and also on items such as alcohol and salt. The peasant farmers not working in the factories suffered two very poor harvests and it came to a point when they could barely survive.

  1. Why was Nicholas II able to survive the 1905 revolution but was forced to ...

    On the morning of the 10th, soldiers replaced the police. However, it was not the professional soldiers, which had previously occupied the cities as they were at the front, had been replaced by conscripts many from the locality, and often men who had been dissatisfied peasants and workers.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    Early in 1918, British and French naval forces occupied Murmansk and Archangel in northern Russia. Within days their forces were marching on Petrograd. In April, the Japanese landed at Vladivostok, and an "Omsk All-Russian government" was established. Within two months this government was overthrown by a coup which established Admiral Kolchak as dictator.

  1. How Did The Tsar Survive The 1905 Revolution?

    To solve the problem of his army staging a mutiny against him he was quick to put in the concessions that they were to have improved pay and living conditions and were to generally be treated better during their time in service.

  2. How Successful Was Roosevelt’s New Deal?

    The fact that it was published in the official paper of the communist party, 'Pravda' means that it is likely that the source is simply another piece of Soviet propaganda, designed to convince the Russian people that Stalin was to be looked upon as a god.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work