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how fair was the treaty of versailles

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Introduction

Introduction In looking at the fairness of the Treaty of Versailles I must analyse the clauses in the treaty, which clauses were justified and fair and which clauses were not fair to impose on Germany and I will link the treaty to the 'Big 3'. Firstly I will look at what the Treaty of Versailles is and it's contents. The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty made at the end of World War 1 in 1919. Germany had lost the war, and therefore the allies, who had won the war, decided to hold a conference in a Paris, this conference was called the Paris Peace Conference and it was to decide what they should do now having won the war. The Countries represented in the Conference were France by their Prime Minister; Georges Clemenceau, England by their Prime Minister; David Lloyd George and America by their president; Woodrow Wilson. These three were known as the 'Big 3', and at the peace conference they put together the Treaty of Versailles. This treaty was signed on 28 June 1919 by Germany and the Allied powers at the Palace of Versailles. There were many clauses included in the treaty and many under the influence of the 'Big 3'. The main clauses in the treaty were territorial changes, Naval and Military clauses and the clauses on war guilt and reparations. ...read more.

Middle

Southern East Prussia was voted to remain German. I see this as fair as the people want it to remain German and it is rightfully German land. This would be ideal for USA and Britain but not for France as they wanted revenge. The Saarland which is another key industrial area was awarded to Germany for 15 years and under a plebiscite to return to Germany in 1935. Germany having lost should pay so losing this land is fair for the amount of time as they will regain the land. But it is unfair as they are losing all there industrial areas and were forced to pay reparations so this would make it hard for them to make money and pay. Danzig is put under suspension of the League of Nations. It was used by the polish as a harbour and is vital as it gives them access to the sea. This stops German access and this means they cannot build their navy. It is fair as Poland need an area for trade by sea but unfair as the majority of people are German so this goes against the ideas of Woodrow Wilson. The colonies were awarded as mandates under the suspension of League of Nations. This is unfair as Germany should have a right to their colonies but fair as they are awarded as mandates. ...read more.

Conclusion

Germany also receives no support with reparations. They have also had major industrial areas taken away so it is harder to earn money. They have lost their industrial areas and have to pay reparations. Conclusion In conclusion I feel there have been many points included that were unfair to impose on Germany and better clauses could have been included in the treaty. There were some good clauses which would stop Germany starting another war but did not completely wipe them out which was a possibility. The treaty can be seen as fair because it is no more than what Germany would have imposed but many points can be seen as unfair in the situation. i.e. Germany paying reparations on top of losing industrial areas. Overall I feel the treaty is slightly unfair as they Germans felt it was rather harsh and many points included were unfair to impose on Germany. The treaty was not able to guarantee that another war would not start and the Germans felt that it would lead to another war shown in many of the German cartoons. The treaty was viewed as harsh by the Germans and was not ideal in the eyes on the Big 3 so how could this treaty be seen as fair or successful. It is for this reason I feel the Treaty of Versailles was unfair. Will the treaty lead to war? ?? ?? ?? ?? Jai Malhi 10P History - 1 - ...read more.

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