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How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement in the years 1955-64

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How far was peaceful protest responsible for the successes of the civil rights movement in the years 1955-64 There were many occasions during the civil rights movement when peaceful protest played a major role in bringing change and often desegregation. For instance, the Greensboro sit-ins of 1960 aimed to achieve desegregation of public places. They not only succeeded, but managed to gain masses of support from others for the civil rights movement and even spread to other areas of public living in America. This was very significant in the civil rights movement, as it showed the amount of growing support and the changing attitudes towards desegregation. However, some peaceful protests from around the same time weren?t as successful. The Albany movement led by King in 1961-2 was deemed a failure, due to the fact that it was unsuccessful in achieving its primary aim to end segregation as a whole by using media attention to gain sympathy. ...read more.


A key success of the march, was that it gained widespread media coverage worldwide, further increasing support for the civil rights movement and desegregation. The march also laid the foundations for the Civil Rights act of 1964. In spite of this, there was still much opposition; not only from white racists, but divisions within the civil rights movements, such as local black leaders like Malcolm X who referred to the march as a ?Farce on Washington?, meaning that it was a joke and King was all talk but no substance. Another sector involved in the civil rights movement was the Supreme Court (SC) which ruled the de jure victories in many civil rights cases, thus providing the framework for de facto change. There was major involvement from the SC in the Browder V Gayle case, which aimed to achieve de jure desegregation of busses, as the Montgomery bus boycott forced companies to desegregate due to financial loss, rather than by law. ...read more.


This action showed his commitment to civil rights and solidified his support by illustrating how he would risk the country being on the brink of a civil war, in order to enforce the desegregation ruling of the brown case from 1954. On the other hand, there is the old-aged argument that it was merely a political move, in order to maintain the support of African Americans. Another education-related case was the Merideth & O?le Miss case of 1962 in which Kennedy, the new president showed his commitment and sympathy towards civil rights by following in the footsteps of Eisenhower and sending in troops to help protect the student. In spite of this protection, a riot broke out killing two people, so although successful at ensuring its endeavour to enrol the student, the deaths and violence hampered the overall victory, as it was a start contrast to the ?peaceful? part of peaceful protest. ...read more.

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