• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Much Was The Great Depression To Blame For The Failure Of The League Of Nations?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Much Was The Great Depression To Blame For The Failure Of The League Of Nations? Although historians still debate whether or not the League of Nations failed in the 1920s, it is in no doubt that it was a complete failure in the 1930s. The League's slow and ineffective reactions to both Japan's invasion of Manchuria and Italy's conflict with Abyssinia meant that members and, perhaps most crucial, the USA lost confidence in its ability to keep the peace. But was it the League's fault? In 1929 the Wall Street Crash sent shockwaves through the world's economies due to many countries having taken out loans with the USA. Poverty swept the world and with it starvation. Could this have had an effect on the problems faced by the League in the 1930s and if so, to what extent? This essay aims to explore these possibilities. ...read more.

Middle

But without the economic crash, the invasion may never have happened. Prior to the crash, Japan's main trading partners were China and the USA. After the crash, both of these countries put up tariffs, which threatened to completely destroy Japan's industry. In order to save the economy, Japan looked to expand their empire and Manchuria was the perfect acquisition, with rich farmland and raw materials that Japan had had to import before the invasion. The League's second crisis of the decade came in January 1935. Italy's fascist leader Mussolini was looking, like Japan, to solve his country's economic problems by building an empire. A dispute between Italian and Abyssinian soldiers in Abyssinia led to a full-scale invasion of Abyssinia by Italy. The League was once again called upon and once again acted slowly, although it imposed arms, loans, metal, rubber and tin bans. The League delayed an oil ban however, particularly as the other sanctions were already damaging the economic interests of important members such as Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, although the League of Nations was flawed in very basic ways, the dilemmas it faced in the 1930s were of tremendous importance as they both involved large members of the League and they both had the possibility of escalating into a larger war, which they did eventually in 1939. The only reason the Manchuria and Abyssinia crisis even happened was down to the Depression. Both Italy and Japan were searching for answers to their economic problems in building empires. As well as this the League's response was affected by the economic crash. Countries were wary of imposing import/export bans because of the fragile economic state; they couldn't afford to be losing trade partners. If the Wall Street Crash had never happened the 1930s might have continued like the 20s with small-scale incidents. The League might even have existed today, as WWII would not have happened. The Depression hammered the final nail into the League of Nation's coffin and caused the rise of the Nazis and, therefore, WWII. Adam Carter ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Why did the League of Nations fail to keep peace in the 1930's?

    The Depression hit Japan badly. Both china and USA put up tariffs against Japanese goods. The collapse of the American market put the Japanese economy at crisis. Without this trade Japan couldn't feed its people. The Japanese leaders had a solution to this problem-they wanted to build up Japans Empire.

  2. To what extent was Hitler to blame for WW2?

    This meant that they could not afford to harm their relationship with Italy, so they could not condemn Italy for creating an empire as it would be seen as hypocritical because they had their own empires. Hitler watched these developments around the world and was encouraged by the lack of

  1. Which of the following was more important for the failure of the League of ...

    They chose not to and wouldn't. The League had not learnt from the mistakes and it seemed that the League was not really bothered. The League again condemned Italy for its actions but did more to try and prevent it than it did in the Manchurian Crisis.

  2. Great Depression

    but the real reason to buy shares is speculation (an investment that is very risky but could yield great profits) To specualte you have to buy your shares when they are cheap and sell them when they a re expensive.

  1. To what extent was the economic crash of 1929, and the depression which followed, ...

    On the other side of the world, the Depression was threatening to cause the complete collapse of Japan's industry as both China and the USA put up tariffs against Japanese goods so they could build up their own industries.

  2. June 2005 my answers

    Clemenceau was the main orchestrator of the reperations, and it wad fiercely debated but in the end both Lloyd George and Wilson conceded that the momey was needed for a third reason- rebuilding the sheer damage that was done to France.

  1. The League of Nations failed due to the Great Depression How far do you ...

    The league were mainly weak as economies were bad, meaning revolts in countries and because the two crisis? involved very big powers who both France and England wanted as an ally and to keep in the league as it was going downhill.

  2. How far was the League of Nations a complete failure?

    In this referendum, 700,000 voted for Weimar Germany and 500,00 for Poland. This resulted in rioting between those who expected Upper Silesia to be made part of Weimar Germany and those who wished to be included in Poland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work