• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was the post war civil rights movement up to 1965?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was the post war civil rights movement up to 1965? There were many themes that ran through the American civil rights movement up to and including 1965. There was feeling that the USA was being hypocritical after the war as they were fighting racism abroad but they were still a country of double standards. There was organised and united, peaceful, non-violent protest, practiced and preached by doctor Martin Luther King, small groups were causing changes, there was the use of new forms of media [i.e. television] to bring pictures of violence into peoples home, there was the use of direct action for example against restaurants during the sit-ins of 1960. The use of legal action was also a common theme, as were state versus federal confrontations. Many of these victories were seemingly trivial but they all caused greater change. America was seen to be hypocritical after the Second World War. Part of the reason the war was fought was to end the persecution of the Jews in Germany, however Negroes were being persecuted in America. The Double V campaign was a campaign for a victory over persecution abroad and a victory over persecution in the United States. This was the campaign that planted the seeds of the civil rights movement in the 50's and 60's. ...read more.

Middle

Direct action was often taken during this time. The Freedom Rides are one example of this. This was when thirteen members of the Congress for Racial Equality [CORE] used segregated interstate busses to travel around the country. One of these thirteen members was a man called Stokely Carmichael, who went on to become the leader of the Black Panthers, a violent civil rights group, and was the first person to use the phrase "Black Power". They stopped off at whites only facilities and used these facilities. They were often met with violence and at one point the bus they were riding was blown up by the Ku Klux Klan [KKK] and The 13 members were severely beaten. However despite this violence and a plea from Martin Luther King to stop due to the danger the CORE members continued on the journey, on a different bus, upon which they were again beaten. They did win in the end and interstate busses were desegregated. It was another example of a trivial victory as it only desegregated interstate busses but it again showed that a small number of people could make a difference and as it was interstate it was a federal victory. As written in a CORE publicity leaflet, "anyone who opposed segregation...could drive a nail into the coffin of Jim Crow" There were three confrontations between state and federal governments over the segregation of schools. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shocked the USA and led to a huge amount of sympathy for the cause. This march led directly to the Voting Rights Act of 1965. This greatly increased the number of blacks on the voting register and in turn led to better conditions for blacks as the politicians now needed to cater for them to win votes. The post war civil rights movement was very successful as it culminated in black civil rights and black voting rights. The two most important events leading up to these were the marches on Washington as it was a main factor in the 1964 Civil Rights Act and Selma Alabama as it was the main factor in the 1965 Voting Rights Act. Also the Brown versus the Topeka Board of Education case was important as it expressed the federal view that segregation was unequal. Although these are in my opinion the most important events in the fight for civil rights every event is important as they all improved standards and introduced important figureheads, groups and ways of protest. However, even though the laws had been changed, people's attitudes had not. There were still many white supremacists and the KKK still existed, and still does today. Laws did not make everything perfect, as demonstrated by some of the laws passed during the period between 1945 and 1965 and there was still as much discrimination as there had been before, there was just no official segregation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

    However there were still many white racial attitudes. This was not the only hold back limiting the success of the Civil Rights Movement; many blacks were in poverty and had poor housing making it hard for them to get a decent job, which was already hard because they were black.

  2. The Civil Rights Movement Project

    Later he became addicted to cocaine and turned to a life of crime. In 1946 he was convicted of burglary and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Whilst in prison he converted to the Muslim faith. Malcolm was released from prison in 1952, and met Elijah Muhammad soon after, who was the leader of the Nations of Islam.

  1. History Coursework - Intolerance kkk

    They was gang violence, shootings, they would probably be killings and beatings up. However, this is not more serious than the intolerance of Black People. This is because there were a lot of killings and affected a large amount of people.

  2. How successful were the methods used by the civil rights movement in the period ...

    De Facto segregation was beginning to become present in the movement. The initiation of the event by Rosa Parks and the motivation and collective mass action proved to be successful as in 1957 Supreme Court ruled against segregation on buses unconstitutional.

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    This led to racism and the institution of racial segregation. At the time of the civil was, slavery (a form of racial segregation) had been abolished in the Northern states and regularly preached against by white ministers in the north, suggesting Christianity was against it.

  2. Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful?

    * The ending of Jim Crow Laws. This was aided by an end in segregated education and transport, but also by sit-ins. Sit-ins were popular non-violent opposition to segregation. Blacks refused to be forced to eat in only black restaurants and went to white ones as well.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    They were stereotyped amongst the media as housewives and home keepers. * Men had better opportunities than women in education and employment etc * Men received higher wages than women in all walks of life in the USA. * There were few important women to serve as role models the

  2. GCSE History Coursework – The American Civil Rights Movement

    Everything that is said is factual. There is no opinion and therefore no bias. I might ask was she really spat at or did she make that up for sympathy/pity? But if she lied, then why would she add in the part about that sympathetic white man at the end if she wants to portray a negative image of whites in general?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work