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How valuable was all the evidence in helping you understand the purpose of Chedworth?

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Introduction

How valuable was all the evidence in helping you understand the purpose of Chedworth? Some of the evidence found in and around the site of Chedworth Roman Villa is very helpful into revealing the functions of the building. Many sources have helped archaeologists and historians to develop theories as to why Chedworth was built and what is was used for and finds have dated back to Celtic ages. I need to examine the evidence that I found whilst visiting the site of Chedworth and also the evidence available to me through the source booklet. At the moment there are three main theories as to what the purpose of the villa may have been. The first is that is was a farm; used to house animals and to grow crops. Another is that it was a used for religious purposes and that people may have come to worship in the out-of-the-way villa. Finally another theory is that it was used as a kind of hostelry. Perhaps people came to stay at the villa for heath related reasons. ...read more.

Middle

Archaeologists have also discovered sheep shears at the villa. This evidence alone only tells us that sheep may have been sheared at the villa but not if they were permanently kept there or used for food. However whilst visiting the site we were shown sheep bones. This obviously gives us much more reason to believe that sheep were kept at the villa on a regular basis and also used for wool and meat. This does not necessarily mean that the villa was used as a farm. It is possible that Chedworth housed animals for its own personal use and did not sell on the produce for profit. However another find at the villa; burnt grain; most likely used in the process of brewing beer seems to indicate that at least some of Chedworth's produce was not simply for personal use as it would be unlikely that the villa would brew beer on this scale without selling or trading most of it. In conclusion the evidence seems to point towards Chedworth being used as a farm to some extent. ...read more.

Conclusion

Possibly, one of Chedworth's purposes was to house a large family. There are scales and lead weights depicted in the source; possibly used for weighing kitchen ingredients. Also in source L there is a fragment of a Samian Ware bowl which points towards a lavish living style. An interesting feature of Chedworth (mentioned in source Q) is its two bath-houses. This feature shows how there might have been a large number of residents; therefore requiring the multiple bath-houses. Also in Source Q there is a description of twelve separate mosaic floors and over 50 rooms that once made up Chedworth. This evidence illustrates the high status and wealth of the residences of Chedworth but also that they wanted to be conspicuous with their wealth. In conclusion I find the evidence very helpful in creating theories of the purpose of Chedworth but not solid answers. There are many different possibilities into the use of the villa and there are perhaps multiple purposes. However without the evidence that has been uncovered through archaeology there would only be limited resources and the question 'How valuable was all the evidence in helping you understand the purpose of Chedworth?' would not have been answered with as much knowledge. ...read more.

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