• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In What Ways Did Black Americans Secure Improved.

Extracts from this document...


Khalil Thirlaway 10JS 25/05/04 In What Ways Did Black Americans Secure Improved Civil Rights In The Years 1945-1963? By 1945 conditions had improved slightly since before World War II, as Roosevelt ended discrimination in government agencies and many black Americans enjoyed more equal opportunities, especially in the North and West. Hundreds of black soldiers served in Europe, and experienced no segregation there. These had raised hopes of many black people in the possibility of equality. In 1946 President Truman raised awareness of the issue of Civil Rights by establishing a Presidential Committee on the subject, bringing the matter into the wider public domain. He also used his Presidential power in 1948 to bring an end to segregation in armed forces, breaking down one major barrier in the quest for equal rights. ...read more.


In 1957 President Eisenhower supported nine black students with 1000 federal troops to help them enrol at Little Rock High School, Arkansas, and in 1962 James Meredith similarly had troops to defend him as he enrolled at the University of Mississippi, and in 1963 soldiers were also called in to assist 2 black students in enrolling at the University of Alabama. Such drastic action on the Federal Government's part sends a clear message to the states to accept integration in schools with good grace, or it will be forced upon them. Thus black Americans secured some sort of integration in the education system, and progress was made elsewhere too. The concept of non-violent protest as a means of obtaining what you want arrived in America in the fifties, and the civil rights movement were quick to take it up. ...read more.


The store eventually gave in and integrated its lunch bars, and other restaurants followed. The presidency of John F. Kennedy, lasting from 1960-63, marked a new era of civil rights reform in the USA, with the appointment of black Americans to senior posts such as Judges and Ambassadors, sending in troops to assist in the enrolment of black students at schools in southern states, and the establishment of the Voter Education Project. All of these put America one step closer to equal rights. The first major piece of legislation on the matter was the Civil Rights Bill (passed after his death by Johnson), which outlawed discrimination in all walks of life, and the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission was set up to investigate complaints. This secured black people a great deal more legal equality, and put the Federal Government squarely on the side of integration. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. In what ways did black Americans secure improved civil rights during the years 1945-63?

    Peaceful protests-Another way blacks tried to secure civil rights was by peaceful protests, one of these protests was a bus boycott called the Montgomery bus boycott. It was started in 1955 by Rosa Parks, a black woman who travelled home from work by bus (which was segregated)

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 The events Selma forced LBJ to address Congress in March 1965, where he put forward Legislation which he believed would allow the Federal Government to stop discrimination all elections. Congress passed this Bill into Law on 18 August 1965 a literacy tests were abolished

  1. To what extent had the situation for black people in America improved by 1900?

    In southern America, Black churches and the federal Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) made this possible; some colleges of higher education (such as Howard and Fisk) even emerged. Education made it possible for black people to get better jobs, e.g.; doctors, teachers, businessmen, lawyers and even political leaders, and improved the literacy rate.

  2. Describe the disadvantages that black Americans faced in the early 50's.

    Where as the school just up the road for whites only was far better off, so much so Linda Browns dad, Oliver Brown, took the Topeka board of education to court, but no surprises when he came back after losing his case.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work