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In what ways did Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany contribute to the outbreak of the Second World War?

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Introduction

1(b) In what ways did Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany contribute to the outbreak of the Second World War? Once in power, Mussolini and Hitler actively prepared their countries for war. To restore the past glory of Italy and of Germany, they adopted an expansionist foreign policy. Their act of aggression and alliance with each other, forming the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis created the tense atmosphere Their expansionist activities finally drove Europe into the Second World War. As Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany adopted an expansionist foreign policy, their act of aggression created the tense atmosphere in Europe and Africa. For Italy, its expansion started in the 1920s. First, Italy occupied the Greek island of Corfu in 1923, got Fiume in 1924 and turned Albania into an Italian protectorate. ...read more.

Middle

Thus, in 1936, by forming the Berlin-Rome Axis, Italy and Germany were promised to take the same stance on important international issues in the future. This further assured their relationship. Forth, In December 1937, Italy withdrew from the League of Nations to facilitate her further expansion. Besides, the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis was formed. Fifth, in April 1939, she annexed Albania. In May, she signed the Pact of Steel, a military alliance, with Germany. In this way, Mussolini led Italy into the whirlpool of the Second World War by turning her into one of its initiators. For Germany, she withdrew from the League of Nation in October 1933 so that she was not bound by the decision of the League of Nation which means she was free to expand. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus, Britain and France decided to take forceful actions against any further German aggression. In 1939, Germany singed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact with the USSR so as to free Germany of her worry about a two-front war which suggested that Hitler was preparing in case of war. They also made secret terms on territorial acquisitions if there were any territorial changes in Europe. In September 1939, Germany suddenly invaded Poland as Poland could be used as a base for Germany to invade USSR for the future. This expansionist action made Britain and France declare war on it. The event sparked off the Second World War. In conclusion, as the expansionist activities of the Axis power became rampant in the 1930s, the atmosphere was become increasingly tense. The invasion of Poland in 1939 was even an immediate cause of provoking the Second World War. Therefore, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany mainly contributed to the outbreak of the Second World War by arousing tension among countries, ...read more.

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