• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In what ways did Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany contribute to the outbreak of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1(b) In what ways did Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany contribute to the outbreak of the Second World War? Once in power, Mussolini and Hitler actively prepared their countries for war. To restore the past glory of Italy and of Germany, they adopted an expansionist foreign policy. Their act of aggression and alliance with each other, forming the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis created the tense atmosphere Their expansionist activities finally drove Europe into the Second World War. As Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany adopted an expansionist foreign policy, their act of aggression created the tense atmosphere in Europe and Africa. For Italy, its expansion started in the 1920s. First, Italy occupied the Greek island of Corfu in 1923, got Fiume in 1924 and turned Albania into an Italian protectorate. ...read more.

Middle

Thus, in 1936, by forming the Berlin-Rome Axis, Italy and Germany were promised to take the same stance on important international issues in the future. This further assured their relationship. Forth, In December 1937, Italy withdrew from the League of Nations to facilitate her further expansion. Besides, the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis was formed. Fifth, in April 1939, she annexed Albania. In May, she signed the Pact of Steel, a military alliance, with Germany. In this way, Mussolini led Italy into the whirlpool of the Second World War by turning her into one of its initiators. For Germany, she withdrew from the League of Nation in October 1933 so that she was not bound by the decision of the League of Nation which means she was free to expand. ...read more.

Conclusion

Thus, Britain and France decided to take forceful actions against any further German aggression. In 1939, Germany singed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact with the USSR so as to free Germany of her worry about a two-front war which suggested that Hitler was preparing in case of war. They also made secret terms on territorial acquisitions if there were any territorial changes in Europe. In September 1939, Germany suddenly invaded Poland as Poland could be used as a base for Germany to invade USSR for the future. This expansionist action made Britain and France declare war on it. The event sparked off the Second World War. In conclusion, as the expansionist activities of the Axis power became rampant in the 1930s, the atmosphere was become increasingly tense. The invasion of Poland in 1939 was even an immediate cause of provoking the Second World War. Therefore, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany mainly contributed to the outbreak of the Second World War by arousing tension among countries, ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    In October, 1935, Italy invaded Abyssinia using the modern weapon of tanks, planes and poisonous gas. Abyssinia appealed to the league as it was clear that it was an attack by the strong against weak. The league set up trading sanctions against Italy.

  2. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    In addition Russia had, since Bismarck's accession to power in 1862, been courted by him, first, in order to deter Russia from interfering in the course of events leading to Germany unity, second, after the unification to allow the new Germany to have necessary peace.

  1. Questions on World War One.

    Responsibility of Anglo-German confrontation lay on Germany's political blunder. Traditional Anglo-German relation was friendly - personal link between Britain and Germany's royal family - Bismarck's restraint and cautious foreign policy Bismarck tried his best not to antagonize Britain : i.

  2. The Congress of Vienna

    * This arrangement had violated the Vienna Settlement. Originally, the powers should intervene, but in fact they had taken no action because: * Austria and Russia were busy on their revolution in Italy, Germany and Poland. * France welcomed the independence because she could get economic benefits after Belgium got independent.

  1. Should any one nation be held responsible for the outbreak of the First World ...

    He calmed the rest of Europe down by convincing that Prussia's ambition was not to expand further, but to consolidate it's gains. He then made a series of treaties with Russia, Austria and Italy (to among other reasons, isolate France).

  2. Which Had A greater impact on the Second World War

    Also as they started the war they had to agree to pay reparation which set at �6.6 billion for the damage caused during the war, this was decided in 1921 but was changed later, it would take Germany until the 1980s to pay.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work