• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


Magdalena Baranska kl. I pre-IB nr 01 JOSEPH STALIN GAINED AUTHORITY BECAUSE OF DISPUTES AND BRUTAL METHODS THAT HE USED TOWARDS TO OTHER MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION. We live, but we do not feel the land beneath us, Ten steps away and our words cannot be heard(...) 1 Joseph Stalin was born in 1887 in Georgia in a very poor family. He gained authority in USRR and became almighty leader whose dictatorship was characterized by internal and external terror which took life away from few dozen millions innocent people. His transformation form a modest, fighting with evil communist into self-ruling leader of huge country consisting of few nationalities, is rich in offences and murders. Stalin owed his position to his implacable and uncompromising personality, shaped by terrible family relationships, especially with a father and over 10 years spent on exile. This events caused him to be hard, impervious to suffer loner who is excessively suspicious and not able to trust anybody. Stalin is considered to be one of the most ruthless historical form. He had no qualms in applying repressions and committing crimes (so called 'stalin's methods) which helped him to triumph in politician career and find himself on the top. Initially, he disposed of all his enemies in the Communist Party of The Soviet Union who paved his way for raising to indivisible and unlimited power. ...read more.


In the process of XVII Reunion of a Party, Smirnov, Tolmatchov and Ejsmont 4 was talking Kirov into taking over General Secretary. He disagreed but it did not help him to stay alive. Along with this proposition, he was doomed to be killed... He managed to shun death in odd accidents for several times. Finally, he was gun down by Leonid Nikolajev, who probably receive command from Stalin. Fear and envy were two main motives of this crime. Envy of popularity in party and fear of fact, that there is someone who may overthrow the power of Stalin and be a hindrance to his climbing in USRR. On the XVII Reunion Stalin finally understood that revolutionaries had been fighting for so long not to defer now to one person. And the only way of coping with those who were impossible to subjugate, was to eliminate them forever. The most serious Stalin's opponent was Leon Trotsky. They were competing for almost everything, especially for Lenin's favour, whose support was tantamount to triumph. For long time Trotsky was one of the Mensheviks- option opposite to Bolsheviks. However, in 1917 he joined in Bolsheviks and explained his decision by similarity between his and Lenin's views on many issues, like the case of bourgeoisie, Provisional Government, international revolution and war. Lenin admitted him to a Party because of his military and oratory abilities and to prove Russian nation that Bolsheviks are not kind of closed sect but they are eager to admit people who are characterized by features essential for their vision of revolution. ...read more.


Nowadays none of descendtants of Stalin uses his surname. What is more, it is hardly possible to find a person who misses him or is sorry for his lot. Modern society is conscious of his repressions and crimes because of numerous investigations in his case that demonstrated how brutal Stalin was. Number of victims does not lie- it is estimated that Stalin was behind death of dozens of millions of people. Stalin deprive USRR of leadership, leaving only handful of faithfully serving him people. In 40ties of XX centaury, he slew whole Central Committee existing since Lenin chose such makeup ( besides Kirov and Trotsky, Stalin dispose also of such outstanding individuals like Kamenev, Zinoviev and Bucharin). He removed all inconvenient opponents and restored system called 'Stalinism' in which everybody and everything was under total control, economy was based on exact planning of goods and there was used brutal crushing of all workers' action and the use of slander and historical distortion against other left groups. He liquidated those who was able to think on their own and had heads full of new ideas. Along with their death, numerous reforms and conveniences passed away... 1 An excerpt from the poem "Stalin Epigram" written by Osip Mandelstam 2 They did not agree in minor affairs as agrarian issue- Lenin wanted nationalization of lands after revolution, while Stalin was for splitting it for peasants. 3 The true surname of Stalin 4 They were thrown out from a party by Stalin a year before XVII Reunion, so this was probably kind of revenge. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. How Successful Were Stalin's Policies During His Leadership of the Soviet Union?

    Collective farmers were now dependent on the government for mechanized equipment and tied to the land through draconian measures such as system of internal passports which restricted movement8. A major aim had also been accomplished in that the working class had been broken down as a collective force and underwent

  2. Stalin Man or Monster

    were accused of being spies and eventually shot. This is an example of how Stalin's paranoia will go as far as executing MP's in order for Stalin to feel secure; it shows that Stalin was willing to do horrific acts to get what he wanted. Stalin was growing more worried that his enemies would try to overthrow him

  1. Was Stalin a Disaster For the Soviet Union?

    Stalin needed a scapegoat, someone to blame for the whole affair. The Kulaks were the rich peasants who owned more land and often livestock. Stalin managed to convince the public that it was these Kulaks and not himself who was to blame for the famine and situation in most of Russia.

  2. Was terror the main reason why Stalin kept power in the Soviet Union?

    He did not terrorise the people not to go to church but simply persuaded them not to and backed it up with the fact that if they did try to they would be arrested on the charges of conspiracy. But he did terrorise the priests and clergy, they were either murdered or exiled.

  1. Why was Stalin able to hold on to power in the Soviet Union?

    The most important propaganda message of all was that Stalin was the greatest leader of his time. Stalin's image was everywhere in photographs and paintings, and on statues. Writers competed for the most glorifying tribute to his achievements. This was accepted, as the people who would have opposed him were dead.

  2. Stalin man or monster

    be more superior to his child compared to his child's mother, as "mum" is the first word usually uttered by a baby. This personalizes the statement and allows others to connect to his thoughts and feelings. "Generations to come will regard us as the happiest of people because we lived

  1. How important was Lenin compared to Stalin in creating the Soviet Union?

    The source placed to the left shows how the NEP differed to war communism. As you can see during "war communism" there were no benefits for those peasants willing to work harder, However, under the NEP a hard working peasant sees the benefits pay off.

  2. What methods did Stalin use to control the Soviet Union?

    This time period hence was named ' the golden ages' for Russia. On a larger scale Stalin had introduced two major methods that enabled him with complete control over the Soviet Union.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work